Article

Posttraumatic stress disorder and quality of life: Extension of findings to veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan

National Center for PTSD, Executive Division, United States.
Clinical psychology review (Impact Factor: 7.18). 09/2009; 29(8):727-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.cpr.2009.08.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan-Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, or OEF/OIF-have created unique conditions for promoting the development of psychological difficulties such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD is an important outcome because it can affect quality of life, impairing psychosocial and occupational functioning and overall well-being. The literature on PTSD and quality of life in OEF/OIF Veterans is at an early stage, but the consistency of the evidence is striking. Our review indicates that the findings on PTSD and quality of life in OEF/OIF veterans are comparable to findings obtained from other war cohorts and from nonveterans as well. Even though the duration of PTSD in OEF/OIF Veterans is much shorter than in Vietnam Veterans, for example, those with PTSD in both cohorts are likely to experience poorer functioning and lower objective living conditions and satisfaction. The review ends with discussion of the implications of the evidence for research and clinical practice.

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    • "mptoms , hazardous drinking , and relationship stress , which persist for at least 9 months after returning home ( Cigrang et al . , 2014 ) . PTSD symptoms resulting from combat - related events can impair quality of life and functional status ( e . g . , degree of disability across domains of health and behav - ior ) among service members ( SMs ; Schnurr et al . , 2009 ) , includ - ing those who are subthreshold , or lacking a sufficient num - ber or distribution of symptoms to meet full criteria for PTSD ( Magruder et al . , 2004 ; Grubaugh et al . , 2005 ; Cukor et al . , 2010 ) . PTSD symptom clusters include re - experiencing ( e . g . , intru - sive memories and bad dreams ) , avoidance ( e . g ."
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    • "Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has a lifetime prevalence of 6.8% (Kessler et al., 2005), while causing great distress and functional impairment to the affected individuals (Schnurr et al., 2009). The unique characteristics of the disorder offer potential time-related interventions (Zohar et al., 2009; Zohar et al., 2011). "
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