Do maternal factors influence the dental health status of Nigerian pre-school children?
ABSTRACT This study was designed to investigate the relationship between maternal related factors and the dental health status of pre-school children in Lagos State, Nigeria.
A cross-sectional study of 404 pairs of mothers and their pre-school children was conducted at two selected primary health centres in Lagos State Nigeria. An interviewer administered questionnaire recorded the mother's socio-demographic characteristics and assessed her perception of her child's dental needs, attitude to oral disease prevention, level of dental health knowledge and attitude to oral health. The child's dental status was assessed using the dft index (caries status) and the simplified oral hygiene index. Data analysis tools included Spearman's correlation coefficient and multivariate logistic regression.
Maternal age, maternal education, location of residence, maternal knowledge, and attitudes were all positively correlated with the child's caries and oral hygiene status. There were statistically significant correlations between maternal attitude and the oral hygiene index (P = 0.01) and dft score (P = 0.001). Maternal age also had a significant relationship with the child's caries status (P = 0.003).
This study concluded that maternal age and attitude were important determinants of caries experience whereas the mother's attitude was an important determinant of oral cleanliness in pre-school children in Lagos State Nigeria.
- International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry - INT J PAEDIATR DENT. 01/2002; 12(2):101-108.
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ABSTRACT: The main aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between mothers' gingival condition (an assumed indicator of their self-care level) and the prevalence and severity of dental caries of their children. Subjects comprised 1471 pairs of mothers and their children who attended for the 3-year-old dental check-up at a community health centre in Hiroshima. The mothers' gingival condition was scored as 'excellent (+2)', 'good (+1)', 'questionable (0)', 'poor (-1)' or 'very poor (-2)' according to the criteria of the Oral Rating Index (ORI). Caries experience of the children was recorded using the WHO caries diagnostic criteria for dmft. The percentage of caries-free children was 51.3%, and the mean dmft score was 2.61. The percentages of caries-free were higher and the mean dmft level were lower in the children of mothers with better gingival condition compared to the children of mothers with worse gingival condition. Mothers' gingival condition was associated with the prevalence and severity of dental caries of their children.International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 01/1999; 8(4):261-7. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This longitudinal study of 231 preschoolchildren from a medium sized Norwegian town had three aims: firstly, to examine the children's early dental behavior, secondly to study the variation of dental health behavior according to mother's education, mother's dental health, and her dental attendance pattern, and thirdly to identify any behavioral or social predictors of dental caries in 36-month-old children. Data were collected at health centers, using precoded questionnaires and examinations, when the children were 6, 18, and 36 months old. Data about the mothers were collected at the maternity ward. At 36 months of age, 80% of the children were caries free. Favorable dental behaviors were related to toothbrushing and use of fluorides. These behaviors were so well established and consistent at all ages that they can be regarded as norms for this community. The most unfavorable and inconsistent behavior was related to sugar consumption. Dental health education could be most usefully applied to this area, where the greatest potential for improvement in behavior exists. A relationship was found between the children's caries experience and the number of missing teeth of the mother, her dental attendance pattern and her level of education. None of the social or behavioral variables tested had a strong enough association with caries experience to justify their use as caries predictors in this age group.Community Dentistry And Oral Epidemiology 01/1989; 16(6):356-9. · 1.80 Impact Factor