Clinical, microbiological profile and treatment outcome of ocular infections caused by Achromobacter xylosoxidans.
ABSTRACT To study the microbiological profile and outcome of ocular infections caused by Achromobacter xylosoxidans.
Medical and microbiology records of patients with A. xylosoxidans ocular infections managed between May 2007 and December 2007 were reviewed.
The authors identified 10 patients whose eyes were infected by A. xylosoxidans during the study period. Of 10 patients, 8 had microbial keratitis, of whom 6 developed an infection after penetrating keratoplasty. The remaining 2 patients had endophthalmitis. The Gram-stained smear did not reveal any organism in 6 of 10 cases. In the 4 remaining cases, Gram-negative bacilli were reported. Out of 10 isolates, 9 were sensitive to ceftazidime, 7 to amikacin, 5 to ciprofloxacin, and 3 to ofloxacin, gatifloxacin, and chloramphenicol. Only one isolate was sensitive to moxifloxacin. Of the 6 patients with graft infection, 2 patients were lost to follow-up, infection was resolved in 3 patients, and the infection remained active in 1 patient. The two patients with endophthalmitis responded to antibacterial therapy and showed improved visual acuity. Infection was resolved in 2 patients with keratitis.
Although A. xylosoxidans ocular infections are rare, one should retain a high index of clinical suspicion in patients who present with slowly progressive disease characterized by a localized infiltration and show Gram-negative bacilli on smear examination.