A case of systemic mastocytosis associated with a clonal haematological non-mast cell lineage disease (SM-AHNMD), where the associated disease is acute erythroid leukaemia (erythroid/myeloid type), is reported. Interestingly, molecular studies showed the KIT(D816V+) mutation not only in the mast cells, but also in the myeloid blast population and the leukaemic erythroid cells. As is the case with most erythroid leukaemias, the patient had a very aggressive clinical course and died shortly after diagnosis. It is believed that this is the first reported case of systemic mastocytosis with erythroid leukaemia where the KIT(D816V+) mutation was detected in all three cell types. Molecular findings provide evidence for derivation of these seemingly morphologically distinct lesions from the same clonal precursor cell. From a practice standpoint, this case illustrates the importance of definitively diagnosing the associated non-mast cell lineage disease due to its prognostic implications.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Somatic mutations of the spliceosomal machinery occur frequently in adult patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We resequenced SF3B1, U2AF35, and SRSF2 in 371 children with MDS or juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. We found missense mutations in 2 juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia cases and in 1 child with systemic mastocytosis with MDS. In 1 juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia patient, the SRSF2 mutation that initially coexisted with an oncogenic NRAS mutation was absent at relapse, whereas the NRAS mutation persisted and a second, concomitant NRAS mutation later emerged. The patient with systemic mastocytosis and MDS carried both mutated U2AF35 and KIT in a single clone as confirmed by clonal sequencing. In the adult MDS patients sequenced for control purposes, we detected previously reported mutations in 7/30 and a novel SRSF2 deletion (c.284_307del) in 3 of 30 patients. These findings implicate that spliceosome mutations are rare in pediatric MDS and juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia and are unlikely to operate as driver mutations.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 54-year-old male was originally referred to our institution 2 years prior with a diagnosis of systemic mastocytosis (SM). Past medical history was significant for urticaria pigmentosa, which was diagnosed 15 years prior, and fatigue, diarrhea, and weight loss (similar to 10%), which were more recent in nature. In addition, a recent computed tomography (CT) scan revealed lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly.
American Journal of Hematology 02/2012; 87(2). DOI:10.1002/ajh.22208 · 3.80 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mastocytosis is a heterogeneous group of disorders defined by abnormal growth and accumulation of clonal mast cells. CM is the predominant variant in childhood, whereas the majority of adult patients present with systemic mastocytosis. In over 80% of the latter patients, the KIT mutation D816V is detectable. Whereas childhood mastocytosis often resolves spontaneously before adolescence and has a good prognosis, in most adult patients mastocytosis is a persistent systemic disorder. The course and prognosis in these patients are variable; in indolent variants, the clinical course remains stable over years or even decades. In advanced mastocytosis, the prognosis is less favorable despite novel drugs counteracting growth of neoplastic mast cells. Although WHO criteria are clearly separating prognostic subsets of mastocytosis, little is known about specific prognostic factors predicting the outcome in individual patients. In this article, we review current concepts in mastocytosis, including prognostic parameters for indolent and advanced systemic mastocytosis.
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