A randomized controlled trial of telephone continuing care

Research and Development, Chestnut Health Systems, Normal, IL 61761, USA.
Journal of substance abuse treatment (Impact Factor: 2.9). 10/2009; 38(1):74-82. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsat.2009.07.006
Source: PubMed


Telephone continuing care (TCC) was compared to usual continuing care (UCC) on substance use and related problems among adults discharged from residential treatment. Participants were randomly assigned to receive either UCC or TCC. A tapered TCC protocol, initiated by paraprofessional staff and volunteers, was provided during the first 3 months following discharge. The TCC condition participants reported high satisfaction ratings with the procedure and were more than twice as likely to enter continuing care than UCC participants. At the 3-month point, TCC patients reported significantly fewer past-month substance problems than UCC patients. Among the subgroup of lower severity (LS) participants, the TCC-LS sample had both significantly more days abstinent and fewer past-month substance problems at 3 months than the UCC-LS sample. The significant between-group differences in substance use outcomes were not maintained at the 6-month follow-up. The high satisfaction ratings and early favorable response among TCC patients suggest the procedure is promising. Further research with larger samples and over a longer period is necessary.

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Available from: Victoria H Coleman-Cowger, Sep 29, 2015
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