[Prognostic analysis of 443 cases of stage II colorectal cancer and the value of adjuvant chemotherapy].
ABSTRACT Prognosis of stage II colorectal cancer varies. Whether or not to perform adjuvant chemotherapy on patients with stage II colorectal cancer is controversial. This study was to explore the prognostic factors for the patients with stage II colorectal cancer and evaluate the effect and the necessity of adjuvant chemotherapy.
Between January 2000 and January 2005, 443 patients with stage II colorectal cancer receiving radical surgery at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were retrospectively analyzed. The overall survival rate and survival curve were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test. The univariate and multivariate prognostic analyses were performed by the Cox regression model. Patients with or without chemotherapy (Xelox/Folfox regimen) with high-risk factors were analyzed respectively.
The median follow-up time was 59 months, and the 3-and 5-year survival rates were 88.4% and 82.5%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that intestinal obstruction or perforation, diabetes mellitus, inadequate surgical margin, and the number of sampled nodes < 9 were poor prognostic factors. Patients with intestinal obstruction or perforation, the number of sampled nodes < 9 achieved higher 5-year survival (80% and 86%) undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy than those receiving surgery alone (67% and 64%).
The prognosis of colorectal cancer patients with intestinal obstruction or perforation, diabetes mellitus, inadequate surgical margin, and the number of sampled nodes < 9 are relatively poor. Adjuvant chemotherapy is recommended to patients with intestinal obstruction, perforation or sampled nodes < 9.