Validation of disability categories derived from Health Utilities Index Mark 3 scores.
ABSTRACT To establish empirical evidence for the validity of the following disability categories derived from Health Utilities Index Mark III (HUI3) global utility scores: none (1.00), mild (0.89 to 0.99), moderate (0.70 to 0.88), and severe (less than 0.70).
Data from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey (cycle 3.1) were analyzed. Frequency distributions, stratum-specific likelihood ratios, and multinomial regression were used to examine the relationship between health indicators and the HUI3 disability categories.
People reporting chronic conditions, activity restrictions, and fair/poor self-rated health (general and mental) were more likely to be in the moderate and severe disability categories. Those having more positive outcomes on the health indicators tended to fall into the mild and no disability groups. The stratum-specific likelihood ratios increased monotonically with the severity of disability level. Compared to those with positive health status characteristics, those with negative health status characteristics had the highest odds of falling in the severe rather than the non-disabled category.
This study makes an initial contribution to the evidence base for the validity of the proposed HUI3 disability categories. The categories were well-supported empirically and are likely to be useful for assessing disability levels.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Yan Feng, May 30, 2015
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ABSTRACT: To assess the validity of the Patient Activation Measure (PAM13) of patient activation in persons with neurological conditions. "The Everyday Experience of Living with and Managing a Neurological Condition" (The LINC study) surveyed 948 adults with neurological conditions residing in Canada in 2011 and 2012. Using data for 722 respondents who met coding requirements for the PAM-13, we examined the properties of the measure using principle components analysis, inter-item correlations and Cronbach's alpha to assess unidimensionality and internal consistency. Rasch modeling was used to assess item performance and scaling. Construct validity was assessed by calculating associations between the PAM and known correlates. PAM-13 provides a suitably reliable and valid instrument for research in patients with neurological conditions, but scaling problems may yield measurement error and biases for those with low levels of activation. This is of particular importance when used in clinical settings or for individual client care. Our study also suggests that measurement of activation may benefit from tailoring items and scaling to specific diagnostic groups such as people with neurological conditions, thus allowing the PAM-13 to recognize unique attributes and management challenges in those conditions. The PAM-13 is an internally reliable and valid tool for research purposes. The use of categorical activation "level" in clinical settings should be done with caution.Quality of Life Research 01/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11136-014-0908-0 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objectives The objectives of the study were (1) to validate the Chinese version of Health Utilities Index (HUI-Ch); (2) to examine the Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of Chinese subjects with Down syndrome (DS); and (3) to study the impact of chronic health conditions on HRQoL of Chinese with DS.Methods The multiple choice questionnaire for scoring Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2) and Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) was translated and validated. In addition to the HRQoL scores from HUI2 and HUI3, proxy-data on socio-demographics, and 10 common chronic health conditions for people with DS were collected and analyzed. Data analysis involves multiple imputation and multiple regression analysis to predict variations in HRQoL in relation to different factors. Lastly, a gradient interval was constructed on the number of chronic health conditions in relation to HRQoL.ResultsHUI-Ch was validated according to standard guidelines. People with DS were found to have a lower HRQoL as compared to the general population, with the majority categorized as moderate or severe on the scale. Behavioral and hearing problems on HUI2, and hearing problems on HUI3 were found to be statistically significant predictors of a lower HRQoL score. A significant gradient relationship existed showing when the number of health problems increased, the HRQoL scores decreased.ConclusionsHUI-Ch is a valid instrument to assess HRQoL. It can have broad application in Chinese subjects with DS including the study of the impact of different chronic health conditions on their quality of life. The quantifiable nature of HUI-Ch will facilitate longitudinal study on the well-being of subjects with DS and evaluation of effectiveness of intervention programs in the near future.Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 10/2014; 12(1):144. DOI:10.1186/s12955-014-0144-x · 2.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Context/Objective Health preference values relate to a person's state of well-being, and is a single metric anchored at 0 (death) and 1 (perfect health). Health preference plays a key role in health economics and health policy, particularly in interpreting the results of cost-effectiveness studies, and supports the allocation of healthcare resources. The current study used elements of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework to predict health preference in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods Data were collected by telephone survey on (1) demographics, (2) impairment (etiology, neurological level of injury, and ASIA impairment scale), (3) secondary health conditions (SHCs) using the SCI-Secondary Conditions Scale-Modified, (4) functional abilities using the Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM), and (5) health preference using the Health Utilities Index-Mark III (HUI-Mark III) among adults with chronic SCI. Variables were categorized according to ICF headings and hierarchical regression analyses were used to predict HUI-Mark III scores. Results Adults with chronic traumatic or non-traumatic SCI (N = 357) reported a mean health preference score of 0.27 (±0.27). In predicting health preference, our model accounted for 55.1% of the variance with "body functions and structure", and "activity and participation", significantly contributing to the model (P < 0.0001). In particular, older age, being employed, and having higher SCIM scores were positively associated with health preference. Conversely, a higher SHC impact score was associated with poorer health preference. Conclusions Variables representative of "activity and participation" largely influence health preference among persons with chronic SCI, which may be amenable to intervention. These findings could be applied to advocate for health promotion and employment support programs to maximize well-being in persons aging with chronic SCI in the community.The journal of spinal cord medicine 07/2014; 37(5). DOI:10.1179/2045772314Y.0000000249 · 1.88 Impact Factor