Article

Temperature dependence of the solubility of carbon dioxide in imidazolium-based ionic liquids.

Institut for Chemie, Abteilung Physikalische Chemie, Universität Rostock, Dr.-Lorenz-Weg 1, D-18051 Rostock, Germany.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B (Impact Factor: 3.61). 10/2009; 113(38):12727-35. DOI: 10.1021/jp9055285
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The solubility of carbon dioxide in ionic liquids of type 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([Cnmim][NTf2]) with varying chain length n=2, 4, 6, 8 is computed from molecular dynamics simulations. By applying both Bennett's overlapping distribution method and Widom's particle insertion technique, we determine solvation free energies that are in excellent agreement with available experimental solubility data over a large temperature range from 300 to 500 K. We find that the computed solvation free energy of carbon dioxide is remarkably insensitive to the alkane chain length, emphasizing the importance of solvent models with accurate volumetric properties. The simulations suggest that the "anomalous" temperature dependence of the CO2 solvation at infinite dilution is characterized by counter-compensating negative entropies and enthalpies of solvation. By systematically varying the interaction strength of CO2 with the solvent, we show that the negative solvation entropy of CO2 is not caused by solvation cavities, but enforced by Coulomb and van der Waals interactions. We observe that solvation free energies and enthalpies obtained for models with different solute-solvent interaction strengths are subject to a linear correlation, similar to an expression that has been suggested for gases in polymers. Despite the apparent chain length insensitivity of the solvation free energy, significant changes in the solvation shell of a CO2 molecule are observed. The chain length insensitivity is found to be a consequence of two counter-compensating effects: the increasing free energy of cavity formation is balanced by a favorable interaction of CO2 with the alkyl chain of the imidazolium cation.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
136 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ionic liquids are an emerging class of materials with applications in a variety of fields. Steady progress has been made in the creation of ionic liquids tailored to specific applications. However, the understanding of the underlying structure-property relationships has been slower to develop. As a step in the effort to alleviate this deficiency, the influence of side groups on ionic liquid properties has been studied through an integrated approach utilizing synthesis, experimental determination of properties, and simulation techniques. To achieve this goal, a classical force field in the framework of OPLS/Amber force fields has been developed to predict ionic liquid properties accurately. Cu(i)-catalyzed click chemistry was employed to synthesize triazolium-based ionic liquids with diverse side groups. Values of densities were predicted within 3% of experimental values, whereas self-diffusion coefficients were underestimated by about an order of magnitude though the trends were in excellent agreement, the activation energy calculated in simulation correlates well with experimental values. The predicted Henry coefficient for CO(2) solubility reproduced the experimentally observed trends. This study highlights the importance of integrating experimental and computational approaches in property prediction and materials development, which is not only useful in the development of ionic liquids for CO(2) capture but has application in many technological fields.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 01/2013; · 3.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A computational approach is developed to quantitatively study the solvation thermodynamics of amino acid analogues in ionic liquids via molecular simulation. The solvation thermodynamics of amino acid analogues in ionic liquids is important for an understanding of protein-ionic liquid interactions, shedding insight into the structure and solubility of proteins, and the activity of enzymes in ionic liquids. This information is additionally key to developing novel extraction processes. As a result of the challenge of quantitatively describing the solvation behavior of ionic liquids, a key outcome of the present study is the development of a "hydrophobicity" scale to quantitatively describe the amino acid analogues. The scale allows one to separate the results of both the hydrophobic and hydrophillic analogues, simplifying an understanding of the observed trends. Equipped with the proposed hydrophobicity scale, one needs only perform conventional solvation free energy calculations of the amino acid analogues in the ionic liquids of interest. The necessary simulation tools are available in most open-source simulation software, facilitating the adoption of this approach by the simulation community at large. We have studied the case of varying the cation alkyl-chain length of a 1-n-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium cation paired with the bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide anion. The findings suggest that a judicious selection of both the cation and anion could potentially lead to a solvent for which the amino acid analogues have an affinity far greater than that for both water and a non-polar reference solvent.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 11/2012; 137(18):184504. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this work, a variety of molecular simulation tools are used to help characterize the selective absorption of CO2 and CH4 in imidazole-based solvents. We focus our efforts on a series of 1-n-alkyl-2-methyl-imidazoles and ether-functionalized imidazoles, over a temperature range of 293 K to 353 K, and we perform detailed analysis of the free volume. We find that the electrostatic potential within the solvent free volume cavities provides a useful indication of the selective absorption of CO2 and CH4. The electrostatic potential calculation is significantly faster than the direct calculation of the chemical potential, and tests with the 1-n-alkyl-2-methyl-imidazoles and the ether-functionalized imidazoles indicate that this may be a useful screening tool for other solvents.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 12/2013; · 3.61 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
4 Downloads
Available from