Article

Effect of thigh strength on incident radiographic and symptomatic knee osteoarthritis in a longitudinal cohort

University of Iowa, Iowa City. USA.
Arthritis & Rheumatology (Impact Factor: 7.87). 09/2009; 61(9):1210-7. DOI: 10.1002/art.24541
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To assess whether knee extensor strength or hamstring:quadriceps (H:Q) ratio predicts risk for incident radiographic tibiofemoral and incident symptomatic whole knee osteoarthritis (OA) in adults ages 50-79 years.
We followed 1,617 participants (2,519 knees) who, at the baseline visit of the Multicenter Osteoarthritis (MOST) Study, did not have radiographic tibiofemoral OA and 2,078 participants (3,392 knees) who did not have symptomatic whole knee OA (i.e., did not have the combination of radiographic OA and frequent knee symptoms). Isokinetic strength was measured at baseline, and participants were followed for development of incident radiographic tibiofemoral OA, or incident symptomatic whole knee OA at 30 months. Generalized estimating equations accounted for 2 knees per subject, and multivariable models adjusted for age, body mass index (BMI), hip bone mineral density, knee surgery or pain, and physical activity score.
In the studies of incident radiographic and incident symptomatic knee OA, mean +/- SD ages were 62.4 +/- 8.0 years and 62.3 +/- 8.0 years, respectively, and mean +/- SD BMI scores were 30.6 +/- 5.8 kg/m(2) and 30.2 +/- 5.5 kg/m(2), respectively. Knee extensor strength and H:Q ratio at baseline significantly differed between men and women. Neither knee extensor strength nor the H:Q ratio was predictive of incident radiographic tibiofemoral OA. Compared with the lowest tertile, the highest tertile of knee extensor strength protected against development of incident symptomatic whole knee OA in both sexes (adjusted odds ratio 0.5-0.6). H:Q ratio was not predictive of incident symptomatic whole knee OA in either sex.
Thigh muscle strength does not appear to predict incident radiographic OA, but does seem to predict incident symptomatic knee OA.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Neil Segal, Jul 04, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
98 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major health burden of our time. Age is the most prominent risk factor for the development and progression of OA. The mechanistic influence of aging on OA has different facets. On a molecular level, matrix proteins such as collagen or proteoglycans are modified, which alters cartilage function. Collagen cross-linking within the bone results in impaired plasticity and increased stiffness. Synovial or fat tissue, menisci but also ligaments and muscles play an important role in the pathogenesis of OA. In the elderly, sarcopenia or other causes of muscle atrophy are frequently encountered, leading to a decreased stability of the joint. Inflammation in form of cellular infiltration of synovial tissue or subchondral bone and expression of inflammatory cytokines is more and more recognized as trigger of OA. It has been demonstrated that joint movement can exhibit anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Therefore physical activity or physiotherapy in the elderly should be encouraged, also in order to increase the muscle mass. A reduced stem cell capacity in the elderly is likely associated with a decrease of repair mechanisms of the musculoskeletal system. New treatment strategies, for example with mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are investigated, despite clear evidence for their efficacy is lacking.
    Journal of aging research 06/2012; 2012:950192. DOI:10.1155/2012/950192
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective. To investigate the relationship between knee muscle strength and the external knee adduction moment during walking in obese knee osteoarthritis patients and whether disease severity influences this relationship. Methods. This cross-sectional study included 136 elderly obese (BMI > 30) adults with predominant medial knee osteoarthritis. Muscle strength, standing radiographic severity as measured by the Kellgren and Lawrence scale, and the peak external knee adduction moment were measured at self-selected walking speed. Results. According to radiographic severity, patients were classified as "less severe" (KL 1-2, N = 73) or "severe" (KL 3-4, N = 63). A significant positive association was demonstrated between the peak knee adduction moment and hamstring muscle strength in the whole cohort (P = .047). However, disease severity did not influence the relationship between muscle strength and dynamic medial knee joint loading. Severe patients had higher peak knee adduction moment and more varus malalignment (P < .001). Conclusion. Higher hamstring muscle strength relates to higher estimates of dynamic knee joint loading in the medial compartment. No such relationship existed for quadriceps muscle strength. Although cross sectional, the results suggest that hamstrings function should receive increased attention in future studies and treatments that aim at halting disease progression.
    04/2011; 2011:571519. DOI:10.1155/2011/571519
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Isokinetic assessment of knee extensors muscle group function in patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis has exclusively been achieved using time-domain based variables. While useful, these analyses do not quantify the conspicuously irregular moment-time pattern exhibited by the involved knee when compared to the contralateral knee. The purpose of this investigation was to assess whether the frequency content of the isokinetic curve can quantify this latter phenomenon. Thirty two patients with knee osteoarthritis participated in this study. Each participant performed 5 maximal concentric knee extensions bilaterally at 60 • /s using an isokinetic dynamometer. For each time-domain extension curve, the power spectrum was calculated via Fast Fourier Transform and the maximum frequency content value contained within 99% of total signal power was extracted. Of the 32 participants, 26 exhibited higher frequency contents in the isokinetic curves obtained from their involved knee (p = 0.002, effect size = 0.35). The results suggest that the frequency content of isokinetic moment-time curves may provide useful quantitative information regarding the smoothness of moment production, and as such, may be used in conjunction with traditional time-domain variables in the assessment of knee extensors function in patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis.
    Isokinetics and exercise science 01/2010; 18:189-192. · 0.35 Impact Factor