The effects of parental depression and parenting practices on depressive symptoms and metabolic control in urban youth with insulin dependent diabetes.
ABSTRACT Examine relationships between parental depressive symptoms, affective and instrumental parenting practices, youth depressive symptoms and glycemic control in a diverse, urban sample of adolescents with diabetes.
Sixty-one parents and youth aged 10-17 completed self-report questionnaires. HbA1c assays were obtained to assess metabolic control. Path analysis was used to test a model where parenting variables mediated the relationship between parental and youth depressive symptoms and had effects on metabolic control.
Parental depressive symptoms had a significant indirect effect on youth depressive symptoms through parental involvement. Youth depressive symptoms were significantly related to metabolic control. While instrumental aspects of parenting such as monitoring or discipline were unrelated to youth depressive symptoms, parental depression had a significant indirect effect on metabolic control through parental monitoring.
The presence of parental depressive symptoms influences both youth depression and poor metabolic control through problematic parenting practices such as low involvement and monitoring.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Karen (Kolmodin) MacDonell, Feb 05, 2014
SourceAvailable from: dspace.lib.ttu.edu
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ABSTRACT: The Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ) is a well-validated instrument designed to assess parenting behaviors that may be associated with child conduct problems. The APQ’s original five factors were theoretically derived, encompassing positive parenting, corporal punishment, inconsistent discipline, parental involvement, and poor monitoring/supervision. To date several studies have used data-driven approaches in order to ascertain the factor structure of the child and parent report versions of the APQ, with three-, four-, and five-factor models proposed. The current study investigated the psychometric properties of the child report version of the APQ in a sample of 358 adolescents aged 11-18. Results of two separate factor analyses suggest four-factor solutions for mothers and fathers, though the factor titles and item content of these four factors differed between mothers and fathers. Follow-up individual item analyses reveal several strong correlations with child age, indicating that some APQ items may be inappropriate for an older adolescent sample. Implications of the differences in factor structures for mothers and fathers as well as strong age correlations are discussed.Journal of Child and Family Studies 01/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10826-015-0119-5 · 1.42 Impact Factor
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