An M-CSF receptor c-Fms antibody inhibits mechanical stress-induced root resorption during orthodontic tooth movement in mice.
ABSTRACT To examine the effect of anti-c-Fms antibody on odontoclastogenesis and root resorption in an orthodontic tooth movement mouse model.
We used orthodontic tooth movement in which an Ni-Ti coil spring was inserted between the upper incisors and the upper first molar. Root resorption occurred in this model. Anti-c-Fms antibody was injected daily into a local site for 12 days during mechanical loading. Odontoclastogenesis and root resorption were assessed by histology and scanning electron microscopy.
The anti-c-Fms antibody significantly inhibited odontoclastogenesis and root resorption during orthodontic tooth movement.
M-CSF and/or its receptor is a potential therapeutic target in mechanical stress- induced odontoclastogenesis, and injection of an anti-c-Fms antibody might be useful for inhibition of mechanical stress-induced root resorption during orthodontic tooth movement.
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ABSTRACT: We studied two rhesus monkeys before and after surgical ablation of the nodulus and uvula (Nod/Uv) of the cerebellum. Three-axis eye movements were recorded with the magnetic-field scleral search coil system during a variety of vestibular and ocular motor tasks. Here we describe the effects of the Nod/Uv lesions on dynamic (head translation) and static (head tilt) otolith-mediated vestibulo-ocular reflexes. The main findings were: 1. eye velocity during sinusoidal vertical translation (1.5 Hz) was reduced by 59% in the dark and 36% in the light; 2. eye velocity during steps of horizontal translation was reduced, but only in the dark and more so during the sustained (constant velocity) than the initial (acceleration) part of the response, and 3. there was a torsional nystagmus that depended on the position of roll head tilt, but static ocular counterroll was unchanged. These results suggest new roles for the Nod/Uv in the processing of otolith signals. This is likely important not only for facilitating gaze during linear head motion, but also for maintaining postural stability and one's orientation relative to gravity. The lesions appeared to have a greater effect on responses to vertical motion, particularly in the light (in contrast, responses to interaural translation in the light were nearly normal), suggesting a particular importance of the Nod/Uv in processing signals arising from the sacculi.Progress in brain research 02/2008; 171:167-72. · 4.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: External root resorption (ERR) is a serious complication of orthodontic treatment. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of local osteoprotegerin (OPG) gene transfection on ERR during retention. Eighteen 6-week-old male Wistar rats were divided into three groups. All the rats were subjected to 2 weeks of orthodontic tooth movement followed by a 2-week retention period. During retention, the three groups of rats received local OPG gene transfection (OPG transfection group, n=6), mock vector transfection (mock group, n=6), or no injections (control group, n=6). ERR of all three groups was evaluated with in vivo micro-CT analysis at three different time points: baseline, the last day of orthodontic tooth movement, and the last day of retention. In the OPG transfection group, there was no significant difference between ERR at the baseline and ERR on the last day of retention. By the last day of retention, the repair ratio of ERR in the OPG transfection group was statistically higher in relation to the repair ratio of the other groups (p<0.001). The results indicated that local OPG gene transfection significantly enhanced the repair of ERR during retention. Local OPG gene transfection might therefore be a useful tool for ERR repair during retention.Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research 02/2012; 15(1):10-20. · 1.19 Impact Factor