Psychiatric disorders in bariatric surgery candidates: a review of the literature and results of a German prebariatric surgery sample.
ABSTRACT To investigate the prevalence of Axis I psychopathology in bariatric surgery candidates and to compare our results with the findings of the few studies published thus far.
Structured clinical interviews (SCID) were conducted in 146 consecutive bariatric surgery candidates [71.9% women; mean age: 38.7 years (S.D.=10.0); mean BMI: 49.3 kg/m(2) (S.D.=7.8)] between September 2004 and January 2007 at the University Hospital of Erlangen. Assessments were administered independently of the preoperative screening and approval process.
The overall prevalence of current Axis I disorders was 55.5%; 72.6% had a lifetime history of at least one Axis I disorder. Axis I psychopathology was related to gender (with women reporting higher prevalence rates) and was positively associated with a lifetime history of any eating disorder. We compared our results with the findings of the three published studies having used structured clinical interviews to assess psychiatric comorbidity in bariatric surgery candidates. The authors provide an overview of evidence so far and highlight some details in the assessment and comparisons of different samples in different countries.
About one half of the bariatric surgery candidates in Germany presented with a current Axis I disorder. Prevalence rates reported in the literature so far are based on different premises. Details for example about the evaluation should be taken into account when interpreting the results.
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ABSTRACT: Initial evidence that cognitive function improves after bariatric surgery exists. The post-surgery increase in cognitive control might correspond with a decrease of impulsive symptoms after surgery. The present study investigated cognitive function and nonfood-related impulsivity in patients with substantial weight loss due to bariatric surgery by using a comparative cross-sectional design. Fifty post-bariatric surgery patients (postBS group) who had significant percent weight loss (M = 75.94, SD = 18.09) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (body mass index, BMI M post = 30.54 kg/m(2), SDpost = 5.14) were compared with 50 age and gender matched bariatric surgery candidates (preBS group; BMI M pre = 48.01 kg/m(2), SDpre = 6.56). To measure cognitive function the following computer-assisted behavioral tasks were utilized: Iowa Gambling Task, Tower of Hanoi, Stroop Test, Trail Making Test-Part B, and Corsi Block Tapping Test. Impulsive symptoms and behaviors were assessed using impulsivity questionnaires and a structured interview for impulse control disorders (ICDs). No group differences were found with regard to performance-based cognitive control, self-reported impulsive symptoms, and ICDs. The results indicate that the general tendency to react impulsively does not differ between pre-surgery and post-surgery patients. The question of whether nonfood-related impulsivity in morbidly obese patients changes post-surgery should be addressed in longitudinal studies given that impulsive symptoms can be considered potential targets for pre- as well post-surgery interventions.Frontiers in Psychology 12/2014; 5:1502. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01502 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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