[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The incidences of idiopathic photodermatoses (IP) are increasing and the available therapeutic methods are often inadequate.
To evaluate whether, in subjects affected by IP not responding to the usual available therapies, the oral administration of an extract of Polypodium leucotomos (PL) could provide an effective photoprotective activity.
26 patients with polymorphic light eruption and two with solar urticaria were recruited to enter the study. The protocol excluded the use of ultraviolet protection filters or other drugs that could in some way interfere with exposure to light. All patients exposed themselves to sunlight while consuming 480 mg/day of PL orally. The response of the skin to sunlight exposure of 25 evaluable patients was compared with that occurring previously without administration of PL.
With PL, we observed a relevant and statistically significant reduction of skin reaction and subjective symptoms. The tolerance of the drug has been excellent.
PL extract administration has shown to be an effective and safe method, leading to a significant protection of skin in IP.
Photodermatology Photoimmunology and Photomedicine 03/2007; 23(1):46-7. · 1.52 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is growing interest in the biologic activities of plant extracts such as that obtained from the bark of the French maritime pine Pinus maritima, Pycnogenol. Pycnogenol (PYC) is a standardized extract composed of a mixture of flavonoids, mainly procyandins and phenolic acids. Studies indicate that PYC components are highly bioavailable. Uniquely PYC displays greater biologic effects as a mixture than its purified components do individually indicating that the components interact synergistically. PYC has been reported to have cardiovascular benefits, such as a vasorelaxant activity, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibiting activity, and the ability to enhance the microcirculation by increasing capillary permeability. Investigations of the cellular mechanisms of these therapeutic effects have demonstrated that PYC has strong free radical-scavenging activity against reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. The oligomeric components of PYC contribute significantly to the ESR free radical signal. PYC also participates in the cellular antioxidant network as indicated by its ability to regenerate the ascorbyl radical and to protect endogenous vitamin E and glutathione from oxidative stress. PYC modulates NO metabolism in activated macrophages by quenching the NO radical and inhibiting both iNOS mRNA expression and iNOS activity. The spectrum of different effects of NO in the circulation and the nervous system suggest the potential applications of PYC in immune and circulatory disorders as well as in neurodegenerative disease. PYC can bind to proteins, altering their structure and thereby modulating the activity of key enzymes and proteins involved in metabolic pathways. PYC effects redox-sensitive signal transduction pathways and alters gene expression. Aspects of PYC's activity are presented and discussed together with possible future implications and directions in the field of flavonoid research.
Free Radical Biology and Medicine 10/1999; 27(5-6):704-24. · 5.27 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chemoprevention has come of age as an effective cancer control modality; however, the search for novel agent(s) for the armamentarium of cancer chemoprevention continues. We argue that agents capable of intervening at more than one critical pathway in the carcinogenesis process will have greater advantage over other single-target agents. Pomegranate fruit extract (PFE) derived from the tree Punica granatum possesses strong antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties. Pomegranate fruit was extracted with acetone and analyzed based on matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and found to contain anthocyanins, ellagitannins and hydrolyzable tannins. We evaluated whether PFE possesses antitumor-promoting effects. We first determined the effect of topical application of PFE to CD-1 mice against 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced conventional markers and other novel markers of skin tumor promotion. We found that topical application of PFE (2 mg/mouse) 30 min prior to TPA (3.2 nmole/mouse) application on mouse skin afforded significant inhibition, in a time-dependent manner, against TPA-mediated increase in skin edema and hyperplasia, epidermal ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and protein expression of ODC and cyclooxygenase-2. We also found that topical application of PFE resulted in inhibition of TPA-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2, p38 and JNK1/2, as well as activation of NF-kappaB and IKKalpha and phosphorylation and degradation of IkappaBalpha. We next assessed the effect of skin application of PFE on TPA-induced skin tumor promotion in 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-initiated CD-1 mouse. The animals pretreated with PFE showed substantially reduced tumor incidence and lower tumor body burden when assessed as total number of tumors per group, percent of mice with tumors and number of tumors per animal as compared to animals that did not receive PFE. In TPA-treated group, 100% of the mice developed tumors at 16 weeks on test, whereas at this time in PFE-treated group, only 30% mice exhibited tumors. Skin application of PFE prior to TPA application also resulted in a significant delay in latency period from 9 to 14 weeks and afforded protection when tumor data were considered in terms of tumor incidence and tumor multiplicity. The results of our study provide clear evidence that PFE possesses antiskin-tumor-promoting effects in CD-1 mouse. Because PFE is capable of inhibiting conventional as well as novel biomarkers of TPA-induced tumor promotion, it may possess chemopreventive activity in a wide range of tumor models. Thus, an in-depth study to define active agent(s) in PFE capable of affording antitumor-promoting effect is warranted.
International Journal of Cancer 02/2005; 113(3):423-33. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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