ABSTRACT Malignant melanoma is the most lethal cutaneous neoplasm. Awareness, detection, and treatment along with sophistication of both the physician and patient are integral components to early recognition and cure of the disease. Diagnosis of melanoma at its earliest stage is crucial to outcome. This article discusses in depth the clinical presentation and evaluation, patterns of growth, and pathologic staging of the neoplasm and regional lymph nodes. Treatment approaches and outcomes are presented.