Oncocytic lipoadenoma is an uncommon benign salivary gland tumor. There are only rare case reports of this distinct entity in which only the histopathologic aspects are discussed. Fine needle aspiration cytologic (FNAC) findings of oncocytic lipoadenoma have not yet been documented.
A 50-year-old woman presented with a slow-growing swelling in the left parotid region that was clinically interpreted as a soft tissue tumor, with a differential of neurofibroma/lipoma. FNAC showed moderate cellularity, with oncocytic cells arranged predominantly as microacini in a prominent lipoid background. The adipose tissue background of the cytologic smears was ignored as material derived from the normal fat tissue; based on the oncocytic population of cells, a diagnosis of oncocytoma was considered. A remote possibility of acinic cell carcinoma with oncocytic features was also suggested. However, histopathologic examination showed it to be an oncocytic lipoadenoma, a tumor we were unaware of at the time of cytodiagnosis.
Both cytopathologists and histopathologists need to be aware of oncocytic lipoadenoma of the salivary gland in order to diagnose it precisely. The clinicocytopathologic correlation highlighted in our case will be useful for cytopathologists in preoperative interpretation and diagnosis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Pleomorphic adenoma with extensive lipometaplasia is a rare, benign tumor of salivary gland origin. To the best of our knowledge, the fine needle aspiration cytologic features of this distinct morphologic entity have not been documented before. Case A 49-year old male presented with right-sided parotid swelling that was clinically diagnosed as a pleomorphic adenoma. Fine needle aspiration yielded sticky, fatty material; the smears showed features of pleomorphic adenoma with intimately associated, abundant adipose tissue elements. A cytodiagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma with extensive lipometaplasia was rendered and confirmed by histopathologic examination. Conclusion Pleomorphic adenoma with extensive lipometaplasia is an unusual benign salivary gland tumor with distinct histomorphology Cytologically, it is characterized by the presence of an excessive amount of intimately associated adipose tissue in an otherwise-classic pleomorphic adenoma. (Acta Cytol 2009;53:457-459)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Oral cancer is the sixth most common form of cancer worldwide, and the majority of cases occur in India and Southeast Asia. Its major risk factors in the western world include smoking and drinking alcohol, whereas in Asia, it is primarily caused by tobacco/areca nut/betel leaf chewing and/or human papillomavirus (HPV) infections. Little is known about this type of cancer despite recent advances in cancer biology. The generally asymptomatic nature of the early oral lesions causes them to remain undetected in many cases. Thus, the disease progresses substantially before the patients seek treatment and is a major contributing factor to the severity of this disease. Therefore, there is a great need to create awareness for its prevention and early diagnosis. The application of advanced molecular biological and biochemical methodologies to elucidate its biomarkers may aid in early detection; however, much more work must be done for this information to be effectively applied in the clinical setting. This review focuses on the need for systematic diagnoses in the early detection of oral cancer using molecular and biochemical approaches, thereby reducing the number of advanced cases in the chewing tobacco-dominated oral cancer population.
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