Article

The effects of reminiscence therapy on psychological well-being, depression, and loneliness among the institutionalized aged

Department of Nursing, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 3.09). 04/2010; 25(4):380-8. DOI: 10.1002/gps.2350
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To examine the effects of reminiscence therapy on psychological well-being, depression, and loneliness among institutionalized elderly people.
In an experimental study design, 92 institutionalized elderly people aged 65 years and over were recruited and randomly assigned to two groups. Those participants in the experimental group received reminiscence therapy eight times during 2 months to examine the effects of this therapy on their psychological well-being.
After providing the reminiscence therapy to the elderly in the experimental group, a significant positive short-term effect (3 months follow-up) on depression, psychological well-being, and loneliness, as compared to those in the comparison group was found.
Reminiscence therapy in this study sample improved socialization, induced feelings of accomplishment in participants, and assisted to ameliorate depression.

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Available from: Hsiu-Ju Chang, Aug 29, 2015
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    • "toms ( Isaac et al . , 2009 ) . However , stu - dies analyzing the effect of interventions on loneliness and de - pression found an effect for loneliness but not for depression among relocating elderly patients in Japan ( Saito et al . , 2012 ) or found only a short - term benefit for both factors among in - stitutionalized elderly men in Taiwan ( Chiang et al . , 2010 ) . Fur - thermore , the sample sizes in these studies were small and the attrition rates were high ( up to 30% in the latter study ) . Future research should focus on whether interventions aimed at im - proving quality of social contact and activities can improve feel - ings of loneliness , and whether this can in turn affect the sever"
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