Geck MJ, Rinella A, Hawthorne D, et al. Comparison of surgical treatment in Lenke 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: anterior dual rod versus posterior pedicle fixation surgery: a comparison of two practices
ABSTRACT Multicenter analysis of 2 groups of patients surgically treated for Lenke 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).
Compare patients with Lenke 5C scoliosis surgically treated with anterior spinal fusion with dual rod instrumentation and anterior column support with patients surgically treated with posterior release and pedicle screw instrumentation.
Treatment of single, structural, lumbar, and thoracolumbar curves in patients with AIS has been the subject of some debate. Advocates of the anterior approach assert that their technique spares posterior musculature and may save distal fusion levels, and that with dual rods and anterior column support the issues with nonunion and kyphosis have been obviated. Advocates of the posterior approach assert that with the change to posterior pedicle screw based instrumentation that correction and levels are equivalent, and the posterior approach avoids the issues with nonunion and kyphosis. This report directly compares the results of posterior versus anterior instrumented fusions in the operative treatment of adolescent idiopathic Lenke 5C curves.
We analyzed 62 patients with Lenke 5C based on radiographic and clinical data at 2 institutions: 31 patients treated with posterior, pedicle-screw instrumented fusions at 1 institution (group PSF); and 31 patients with anterior, dual-rod instrumented fusions at another institution (group ASF). Multiple clinical and radiographic parameters were evaluated and compared.
The mean age, preoperative major curve magnitude, and preoperative lowest instrumented vertebral (LIV) tilt were similar in both groups (age: PSF = 15.5 years, ASF = 15.6 years; curve size: PSF = 50.3 degrees +/- 7.0 degrees , ASF = 49.0 degrees +/- 6.6 degrees ; LIV tilt: PSF = 27.5 degrees +/- 6.5 degrees , ASF = 27.8 degrees +/- 6.2 degrees ). After surgery, the major curve corrected to an average of 6.3 degrees +/- 3.2 degrees (87.6% +/- 5.8%) in the PSF group, compared with 12.1 degrees +/- 7.4 degrees (75.7% +/- 14.8%) in the ASF group (P < 0.01). At final follow-up, the major curve measured 8.0 degrees +/- 3.0 degrees (84.2% +/- 5.8% correction) in the PSF group, compared with 15.9 degrees +/- 9.0 degrees (66.6% +/- 17.9%) in the ASF group (P = 0.01). This represented a loss of correction of 1.7 degrees +/- 1.9 degrees (3.4% +/- 3.7%) in the PSF group, and 3.8 degrees +/- 4.2 degrees (9.4% +/- 10.7%) in the ASF group (P = 0.028). The LIV tilt decreased to 4.1 degrees +/- 3.4 degrees after surgery in the PSF group, and 4.5 degrees +/- 3.7 degrees in the ASF group. At final follow-up, the LIV tilt was 5.1 degrees +/- 3.5 degrees in the PSF group, and 4.5 degrees +/- 3.7 degrees in the ASF group. EBL was identical in both groups, and length of hospital stay was significantly (P < 0.01) shorter in the PSF group (4.8 vs. 6.1 days). There were no complications in either group which extended hospital stay or required an unplanned second surgery.
At a minimum of 2-year follow-up, adolescents with Lenke 5C curves demonstrated statistically significantly better curve correction, less loss of correction over time, and shorter hospital stays when treated with a posterior release with pedicle screw instrumented fusion compared with an anterior instrumented fusion with dual rods for similar patient populations.
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ABSTRACT: In addition to the statistical evaluation of measurements made on physiological processes, there is an increasing demand for the theoretical system description in terms of cause-effect relationship as well as the quantitative determination of such processes. The first part of this article deals with a mathematical summary of compartment analysis while the second part introduces a new event recognition method
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ABSTRACT: The traditional method of thoracoabdominal retroperitoneal approach requires dissection of diaphragm which bears potential complications such as postoperatively weakened abdominal breathing and dysfunction of diaphragm. Mini-open anterior instrumentation with diaphragm sparing is designed to minimize the damage to diaphragm and improve cosmesis. This study compared the traditional anterior instrumentation and mini-open anterior instrumentation under the hypothesis that both results in similar surgical outcomes in treating thoracolumbar scoliosis. In Group A, 38 patients with an average age of 16.5 years underwent mini-open anterior instrumentation with diaphragm sparing. The average standing coronal Cobb angle was 56.4° in Group A. Thirty-eight patients with average age of 16.7 years in Group B received traditional open approach. The preoperative average Cobb angle was 55.8° in Group B. The average correction rate of coronal curve was 78% in group A while 75% in group B. No statistical difference between the two groups in terms of coronal curve correction, sagittal profile restoration and estimated blood loss was observed. The operation time was significantly higher in Group A than that in Group B. All patients in the two groups had good healing of incisions without neurological and instrumental complications during minimal 2 year follow-up. In Groups A and B, two patients suffered from pleural effusion, respectively. The wedging of the vertebral discs distal to the lowest fused level occurred in three and four patients in Group A and B, respectively. One case in group B was found to be suspicious pseudoarthrosis without loss of correction. Mini-open anterior instrumentation with diaphragm sparing could minimize the surgical invasion as well as achieve similar clinical outcomes compared with classical anterior approach.European Spine Journal 02/2011; 20(2):266-73. DOI:10.1007/s00586-010-1654-9 · 2.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. To compare the relative rates of pulmonary recovery and maximal pulmonary function with surgical approach. Anterior versus posterior spinal fusion (ASF, PSF) for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) has been debated. Although procedures that violate the chest wall may compromise pulmonary function, lung function continues to improve after surgery at variable rates depending upon surgical approach. We reviewed the medical records from one hundred fifty nine AIS patients (age 15.6±2.2; 113 women; 46 men) treated with spinal fusion from 2003 to 2007 by a single surgeon. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and radiographic measurements were evaluated before surgery and at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24-months follow-up on average. Four surgical groups were compared: PSF, ASF (open thoracoabdominal approach for thoracolumbar curvature), video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical release with instrumentation (VATS-I), and VATS with PSF. FEV1 and FVC were fitted to model to evaluate the immediate postoperative pulmonary function (Yo), maximal recovery (Plateau), and rate (K) of pulmonary improvement. Patients in each surgical subgroup were as follows: PSF (Lenke 1: n=50, Lenke 2,3: n=20), ASF (Lenke 5, n=35), VATS-I (Lenke 1=31, Lenke 3=1), and VATS+PSF (Lenke1: n=9, Lenke 2-6: n=13). Early postoperative pulmonary function was higher with ASF and PSF as compared to both VATS groups (P<0.05). Comparing all curve types, VATS-I showed a small decline of absolute FEV1 compared to PSF at 2-years follow-up. Comparing thoracic curves, however, no differences in FEV1 or FVC were noted at 6 to 12 months until 2-years follow-up. The rate of recovery (K) was equivalent for all surgical approaches and curve types. Compared to ASF or PSF, VATS procedures showed an initial decline in pulmonary function, which resolved fully by 6- to 12-months follow-up. Modest declines in maximal pulmonary function with VATS-I were seen when comparing all curve types together but not when comparing Lenke 1 curves alone. VATS procedures for thoracic scoliosis and open approaches for thoracolumbar curve types were associated with minimal to no permanent deficits.Spine 02/2011; 36(14):1086-95. DOI:10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182129d62 · 2.45 Impact Factor