Effects of flapless implant surgery on soft tissue profiles: a prospective clinical study.
ABSTRACT Flapless implant surgery has been suggested as a suitable treatment modality for the preservation of soft tissue after implant placement.
The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of soft tissue profile changes around implants after flapless implant surgery.
A total of 44 patients received 76 implants using a flapless implant procedure. The marginal level of the peri-implant soft tissue was evaluated using dental casts 1 week, 1 month, and 4 months after implant placement.
The mean soft tissue levels around implants showed 0.7 ± 0.3 mm of coronal growth 1 week after surgery. At 1 month, the levels were 0.2 ± 0.2 mm coronal growth and at 4 months, the values were 0.0 ± 0.3 mm. Soft tissue profiles assessed 4 months after flapless implant placement were similar to profiles assessed immediately before implant placement.
Flapless implant surgery is advantageous for preserving mucosal form surrounding dental implants.