Laparoscopic versus open left lateral hepatectomy.

Department of Hepatology, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, 10th floor, QEQM Wing, St Mary's Hospital, South Wharf Street, London W2 1NY, UK.
Expert review of gastroenterology & hepatology (Impact Factor: 2.55). 09/2009; 3(4):345-51. DOI: 10.1586/egh.09.36
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Laparoscopic liver surgery is becoming more popular, and many high-volume liver centers are now gaining expertise in this area. Laparoscopic left lateral hepatectomy (LLLH) is a standardized and anatomically well-defined resection and may transform into a primarily laparoscopic procedure for cancer surgery or living donor hepatectomy for transplantation. Five case-control series were identified comparing a total of 167 cases (86 cases of LLLH plus 81 cases of open left lateral hepatectomy). Groups were matched by age and sex, with broadly similar indications for surgery and resection techniques. LLLH is associated with shorter hospital stays and less blood loss without compromising the margin status or increasing complication rates. Donors of LLLH grafts did not have higher graft-related morbidity. Prospective studies are required to define the safety in terms of disease-free and overall survival in this new avenue in laparoscopic liver surgery.

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