Photoassociation spectroscopy of the B (1)Pi state of LiCs

Physikalisches Institut, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, Hermann-Herder-Str. 3, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
The Journal of Chemical Physics (Impact Factor: 3.12). 09/2009; 131(5):054304. DOI: 10.1063/1.3180820
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We present an accurate potential energy curve of the B (1)Pi state in the LiCs molecule for which vibrational levels between v(') = 0 and v(') = 35 (bound by 11.4 GHz) were measured by photoassociation spectroscopy in an ultracold ensemble of (7)Li and (133)Cs atoms. By the combination of conventional spectroscopic data of the B-X system and the new photoassociation measurements a very precise value of the dissociation energy of the ground state X (1)Sigma(+) of LiCs was determined to be D(0) = 5783.495(5) cm(-1).

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report the production of ultracold heteronuclear 7Li85Rb molecules in excited electronic states by photoassociation (PA) of ultracold 7Li and 85Rb atoms. PA is performed in a dual-species 7Li-85Rb magneto-optical trap (MOT) and the PA resonances are detected using trap loss spectroscopy. We identify several strong PA resonances below the Li (2s 2S1/2) + Rb (5p 2P3/2) asymptote and experimentally determine the long range C6 dispersion coefficients. We find a molecule formation rate (P_LiRb) of 3.5x10^7 s^-1 and a PA rate coefficient (K_PA) of 1.3x10^-10 cm^3/s, the highest among heteronuclear bi-alkali molecules. At large PA laser intensity, we observe the saturation of the PA rate coefficient (K_PA) close to the theoretical value at the unitarity limit.
    Physical Review A 02/2014; 89:020702(R). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevA.89.020702 · 2.99 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We study non-perturbative effects of a static electric field on two-color photoassociation of different atoms. A static electric field induces anisotropy in scattering between two different atoms and hybridizes field-free rotational states of heteronuclear dimers or polar molecules. In a previous paper [D. Chakraborty et al., J. Phys. B 44, 095201 (2011)], the effects of a static electric field on one-color photoassociation between different atoms has been described through field-modified ground-state scattering states, neglecting electric field effects on heteronuclear diatomic bound states. To study the effects of a static electric field on heteronuclear bound states, and the resulting influence on Raman-type two-color photoassociation between different atoms in the presence of a static electric field, we develop a non-perturbative numerical method to calculate static electric field-dressed heteronuclear bound states. We show that the static electric field induced scattering anisotropy as well as hybridization of rotational states strongly influence two-color photoassociation spectra, leading to significant enhancement in PA rate and large shift. In particular, for static electric field strengths of a few hundred kV/cm, two-color PA rate involving high-lying bound states in electronic ground-state increases by several orders of magnitude even in the weak photoassociative coupling regime.
    AIP Advances 12/2013; 4(1). DOI:10.1063/1.4864057 · 1.59 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Laser cooling of molecules employing broadband optical pumping involves a timescale separation between laser excitation and spontaneous emission. Here, we optimize the optical pumping step using shaped laser pulses. We derive two optimization functionals to drive population into those excited state levels that have the largest spontaneous emission rates to the target state. We show that, when using optimal control, laser cooling of molecules works even if the Franck-Condon map governing the transitions is preferential to heating rather than cooling. Our optimization functional is also applicable to the laser cooling of other degrees of freedom provided the cooling cycle consists of coherent excitation and dissipative deexcitation steps whose timescales are separated.
    New Journal of Physics 08/2013; 15(12). DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/15/12/125028 · 3.67 Impact Factor