Polyethylene glycol-complexed cationic liposome for enhanced cellular uptake and anticancer activity.
ABSTRACT Liposomes as one of the efficient drug carriers have some shortcomings such as their relatively short blood circulation time, fast clearance from human body by reticuloendothelial system (RES) and limited intracellular uptake to target cells. In this study, polyethylene glycol (PEG)-complexed cationic liposomes (PCL) were prepared by ionic complex of cationically charged liposomes with carboxylated polyethylene glycol (mPEG-COOH). The cationic liposomes had approximately 98.6+/-1.0 nm of mean particle diameter and 45.5+/-1.1 mV of zeta potential value. While, the PCL had 110.1+/-1.2 nm of mean particle diameter and 18.4+/-0.8 mV of zeta potential value as a result of the ionic complex of mPEG-COOH with cationic liposomes. Loading efficiency of model drug, doxorubicin, into cationic liposomes or PCL was about 96.0+/-0.7%. Results of intracellular uptake evaluated by flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy studies showed higher intracellular uptake of PCL than that of Doxil. In addition, in vitro cytotoxicity of PCL was comparable to cationic liposomes. In pharmacokinetic study in rats, PCL showed slightly lower plasma level of DOX than that of Doxil. In vivo antitumor activity of DOX-loaded PCL was comparable to that of Doxil against human SKOV-3 ovarian adenocarcinoma xenograft rat model. Consequently, the PCL, of which surface was complexed with PEG by ionic complex may be applicable as drug delivery carriers for increasing therapeutic efficacy of anticancer drugs.
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ABSTRACT: We present herein a short tripeptide sequence (Lys-Phe-Gly or KFG) that is situated in the juxtamembrane region of the tyrosine kinase nerve growth factor (Trk NGF) receptors. KFG self-assembles in water and shows a reversible and concentration-dependent switching of nanostructures from nanospheres (vesicles) to nanotubes, as evidenced by dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy. The morphology change was associated with a transition in the secondary structure. The tripeptide vesicles have inner aqueous compartments and are stable at pH 7.4 but rupture rapidly at pH≈6. The pH-sensitive response of the vesicles was exploited for the delivery of a chemotherapeutic anticancer drug, doxorubicin, which resulted in enhanced cytotoxicity for both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant cells. Efficient intracellular release of the drug was confirmed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis, fluorescence microscopy, and confocal microscopy.Angewandte Chemie International Edition 12/2013; · 11.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Celecoxib has shown potential anticancer activity against most carcinomas, especially in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis and precancerous disease of the colon. However, serious side effects of celecoxib restrict its generalized use for cancer therapy. In order to resolve these issues and develop an alternative strategy/preliminary approach, chitosan modified hydroxyapatite nanocarriers-mediated celecoxib delivery represents a viable strategy. We characterized the nanoparticle for morphology, particle size, zeta potential, crystalinity, functional group analysis, entrapment efficiency, drug release and hemocompatibility. The effects of celecoxib-loaded nanoparticles on colon cancer cell proliferation, morphology, cytoskeleton, cellular uptake and apoptosis were analysed in vitro. Further, we evaluated the antiproliferative, apoptotic and tumor inhibitory efficacy of celecoxib-loaded nanocarriers in a nude mouse human xenograft model. Nanoparticles exhibited small, narrow hydrodynamic size distributions, hemocompatibility, high entrapment efficiencies and sustained release profiles. In vitro studies showed significant antiproliferation, apoptosis and time-dependent cytoplasmic uptake of celecoxib-loaded Hap-Cht nanoparticles in HCT 15 and HT 29 colon cancer cells. Additional in vivo studies demonstrated significantly greater inhibition of tumor growth following treatment with this modified nanoparticle system. The present study indicates a promising, effective and safe means of using celecoxib, and potentially other therapeutic agents for colon cancer therapy.Biomaterials 03/2011; 32(15):3794-806. · 8.31 Impact Factor
- Artificial Cells Blood Substitutes and Biotechnology (formerly known as Artificial Cells Blood Substitutes and Immobilization Bi 03/2010; 38(3):136-42. · 0.94 Impact Factor