[Two pelvic tumors which should not be operated, lymphoma of Burkitt and actinomycosis].

Service de chirurgie générale, EPS Habib-Bourguiba, 3029 Sfax, Tunisie.
Journal de Chirurgie (Impact Factor: 0.5). 09/2009; 146(3):297-300. DOI: 10.1016/j.jchir.2009.06.012
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The treatment of the pelvic tumors depends of their histological nature. Some of them require only one medical treatment without recourse to surgery. We report two rare cases of pelvic tumors occurring in young adults. For the first case, actinomycosic nature was related to the histological study of the surgical biopsies. Concerning the second case, the lymphatic nature of a tumor of the low rectum was retained on the immunohistochimic study of the endoscopic biopsies. The evolution was uneventful in the two cases after a medical treatment containing penicillin G or a chemotherapy. We discuss at the time of these two observations the diagnostic difficulties and the therapeutic methods of these rare affections.

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this review is to define the diagnostic steps and treatment of abdominopelvic actinomycosis. Three cases are described which illustrate the variety of clinical presentations ranging from acute peritonitis to chronic pseudo-tumor. The diagnosis of actinomycosis is rarely made pre-operatively. Bacteriologic culture is seldom helpful and imagery findings are non-specific. The diagnosis is usually made retrospectively based on histologic examination. In women, an intrauterine contraceptive device is often a concomitant factor. Long-term antibiotic treatment (several months) with high-dose penicillin-based medications is the mainstay of therapy. Despite a high risk of complications, surgery is often necessary both for diagnosis and treatment. Resection or drainage may diminish the dosage and duration of antibiotic therapy, and helps to minimize infectious complications. Actinomycosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of abdominopelvic tumors, inflammatory bowel disease, and endometriosis-particularly in a woman with an intrauterine contraceptive device.
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