Early Helicobacter pylori eradication decreases risk of gastric cancer in patients with peptic ulcer disease.
ABSTRACT Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) is a risk factor for gastric cancer. We investigated whether early H pylori eradication is associated with gastric cancer risk in patients with peptic ulcer diseases.
This nationwide cohort study was based on the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database (NHID), which provided data on 80,255 patients who were hospitalized for the first time between 1997 and 2004 with a primary diagnosis of peptic ulcer diseases and received H pylori eradication therapy. The patient population was divided into early (within 1 year) and late (after 1 year) eradication cohorts; standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and hazards ratios (HRs) were determined.
There was no significant difference in gastric cancer risk between patients who received early H pylori eradication and the general population (SIR, 1.05; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.96-1.14), but late eradication was associated with an increased risk (SIR, 1.36; 95% CI: 1.24-1.49). In gastric ulcer patients who received early eradication, SIRs of gastric cancer decreased from 1.60 at 3-4 years to 1.05 at 7-10 years after hospitalization; the SIRs decreased from 0.57 to 0.33 for duodenal ulcer patients over the same period. Among patients who received late eradication, SIRs decreased from 2.14 to 1.32 for those with gastric ulcers and from 0.90 to 0.66 for those with duodenal ulcers. Early H pylori eradication (HR, 0.77) and frequent aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use (HR, 0.65) were independent protective factors for gastric cancer.
Early H pylori eradication is associated with decreased risk of gastric cancer in patients with peptic ulcer diseases.
SourceAvailable from: Sang-Ho Park[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The guideline of the Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research group for Helicobacter pylori infection was first produced in 1998. Definite indication for H. pylori eradication is early gastric cancer in addition to the previous indications of peptic ulcer (PUD) including scar lesion and marginal zone B cell lymphoma (MALT type). Though treatment regimen was similar, Japan government declared the inclusion of H. pylori eradication in patients with H. pylori-associated chronic gastritis, suggesting the treatment guideline is quite different between Korea and Japan from February 21, 2013. The prime rationale of Japanese extended treatment guideline for H. pylori infection was based on the drastic intention to prevent gastric cancer according to their beliefs that H. pylori eradication can decrease gastric cancer incidence as well as mortality. In this review, the discrepancy in treatment guideline between Korea and Japan will be explained.06/2013; 18(2):107-12. DOI:10.15430/JCP.2013.18.2.107
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ABSTRACT: Although the prevalence of gastric cancer (GC) progressively decreased during the last decades, due to improved dietary habit, introduction of food refrigeration and recovered socio-economic level, it still accounts for 10% of the total cancer-related deaths. The best strategy to reduce the mortality for GC is to schedule appropriate screening and surveillance programs, that rises many relevant concerns taking into account its worldwide variability, natural history, diagnostic tools, therapeutic strategies, and cost-effectiveness. Intestinal-type, the most frequent GC histotype, develops through a multistep process triggered by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and progressing from gastritis to atrophy, intestinal metaplasia (IM), and dysplasia. However, the majority of patients infected with H. pylori and carrying premalignant lesions do not develop GC. Therefore, it remains unclear who should be screened, when the screening should be started and how the screening should be performed. It seems reasonable that screening programs should target the general population in eastern countries, at high prevalence of GC and the high-risk subjects in western countries, at low prevalence of GC. As far as concern surveillance, currently, we are lacking of standardized international recommendations and many features have to be defined regarding the optimal diagnostic approach, the patients at higher risk, the best timing and the cost-effectiveness. Anyway, patients with corpus atrophic gastritis, extensive incomplete IM and dysplasia should enter a surveillance program. At present, screening and surveillance programs need further studies to draw worldwide reliable recommendations and evaluate the impact on mortality for GC.
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ABSTRACT: There is a paucity of information about the Helicobacter pylori (H.Pylori) infection in kidney recipients.