Optical nanocrystallography with tip-enhanced phonon Raman spectroscopy.

Department of Chemistry and Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
Nature Nanotechnology (Impact Factor: 31.17). 09/2009; 4(8):496-9. DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2009.190
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Conventional phonon Raman spectroscopy is a powerful experimental technique for the study of crystalline solids that allows crystallography, phase and domain identification on length scales down to approximately 1 microm. Here we demonstrate the extension of tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy to optical crystallography on the nanoscale by identifying intrinsic ferroelectric domains of individual BaTiO(3) nanocrystals through selective probing of different transverse optical phonon modes in the system. The technique is generally applicable for most crystal classes, and for example, structural inhomogeneities, phase transitions, ferroic order and related finite-size effects occurring on nanometre length scales can be studied with simultaneous symmetry selectivity, nanoscale sensitivity and chemical specificity.

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