Secreted products from the porcine choroid plexus accelerate the healing of cutaneous wounds.
ABSTRACT The choroid plexus (CP), located at the blood-brain interface, is partially responsible for maintaining the composition of cerebrospinal fluid. Epithelial cell clusters isolated from the CP secrete numerous biologically active molecules, and are neuroprotective when transplanted in animal models of Huntington's disease and stroke. The transcriptomic and proteomic profiles of CP may extend beyond CNS applications due to an abundance of trophic and regenerative factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor, transforming growth factor-beta, and others. We used microarray to investigate the transcriptome of porcine CP epithelium, and then assessed the in vitro and in vivo regenerative capability of secreted CP products in cell monolayers and full-thickness cutaneous wounds. In vitro, CP reduced the void area of fibroblast and keratinocyte scratch cultures by 70% and 33%, respectively, compared to empty capsule controls, which reduced the area by only 35% and 6%, respectively. In vivo, after 10 days of topical application, CP conditioned medium lyophilate dispersed in antibiotic ointment produced a twofold improvement in incision tensile strength compared to ointment containing lyophilized control medium, and an increase in the regeneration of epidermal appendages from roughly 50-150 features per wound. Together, these data identify the CP as a source of secreted regenerative molecules to accelerate and improve the healing of superficial wounds and potentially other similar indications.