Lauroua P, Ferrer AM, Guerin V. Successful major and minor surgery using factor VIII inhibitor bypassing activity in patients with haemophilia A and inhibitors

Centre Régional de Traitement de l'Hémophilie, Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
Haemophilia (Impact Factor: 2.6). 08/2009; 15(6):1300-7. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2008.01873.x
Source: PubMed


Surgeries are being increasingly performed in patients with haemophilia A and high-titre inhibitors. Optimal bypassing agent regimens need further delineation. Data pertaining to surgeries from 1989 to 2004 at a single centre were retrospectively analysed. Patients received a standardized factor eight inhibitor bypassing activity (FEIBA) dose for both major and minor elective or emergency surgeries. The standard FEIBA dose was 70 U kg(-1) per infusion. FEIBA was infused at 9 and 1 h before and 8 h after operation. Infusions were routinely repeated every 8 h afterward. Haemostatic efficacy was assessed on the basis of blood loss, occurrence of haematoma and transfusion requirements. Seven adult patients underwent a total of 12 operations: 10 major and two minor. Ten procedures were elective. The median cumulative numbers of infusions and days of therapy were 46 and 17, respectively. Cumulative total FEIBA consumption was a median of 3185 U kg(-1). Observed blood losses, haematoma incidence and transfusion requirements were comparable to those expected for noncoagulopathic patients undergoing similar procedures. The only large haematoma occurred after a hip prosthesis operation and resolved under continuing FEIBA treatment. There were no cases of disseminated intravascular coagulation or other thromboembolic complications. FEIBA provides an effective and safe first-line peri- and postoperative haemostatic therapy for patients with haemophilia A and inhibitors, allowing both major and minor operations to be successfully performed.

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    ABSTRACT:   This report evaluates the haemostatic efficacy of recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) and activated prothrombin complex concentrate (APCC) in patients with haemophilia and high responding inhibitors who underwent major and minor surgery. Data pertaining to surgeries from 2001 to 2009 at a single centre were retrospectively analysed. During this period, 53 surgical procedures were performed in 30 haemophiliacs with high responding inhibitors. Mean age was 16.2±9.4 years. Eleven major surgeries in 4 patients, 41 radioisotope synovectomies (RS) and one circumcision classified as minor surgery in 28 patients were performed. Among the major surgery procedures, four were treated with rFVIIa, five with APCC and two with sequential use of APCC and rFVIIa. We used rFVIIa at the dosage of 80-120 μg kg(-1) every 2 h and APCC 100 IU kg(-1) every 12 h for the major surgery. When performing RS, we used rFVIIa in 18 patients with 26 target joints and APCC in 9 patients with 15 target joints. Three consecutive doses of rFVIIa (90 μg kg(-1) ) were used at 2-h intervals followed by additional three doses at 6-h intervals. The initial dose of APCC was 75 IU kg(-1) followed by a second and third dose of 50 IU kg(-1) at 12-h intervals. APCC and rFVIIa demonstrated excellent efficacy in our major and minor surgical interventions [100% (22/22) and 94% (31/33), respectively]. We had only two bleeding complications with rFVIIa. There were no thromboembolic complications. APCC and rFVIIa provide an effective and safe first line haemostatic therapy for inhibitor-positive haemophiliacs, allowing both major and minor surgery to be successfully performed.
    Haemophilia 11/2010; 16(6):902-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2516.2010.02329.x · 2.60 Impact Factor
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