Ceruloplasmin induces polymorphonuclear leukocyte priming in localized aggressive periodontitis.
ABSTRACT Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) from subjects with localized aggressive periodontitis (LAgP) present multiple functional abnormalities associated with a phenotypically primed PMN phenotype. Local inflammation is characterized by hypoxia, which leads to increased production of superoxide (O(2)(-)) by PMNs. Ceruloplasmin (CP) is also induced by hypoxia and inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of CP in O(2)(-) generation in PMNs from healthy subjects and patients with LAgP.
PMNs were isolated from healthy subjects and those with LAgP (N = 36). Superoxide was measured by cytochrome-C reduction at 550 nm. Intracellular CP expression was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Serum levels of CP were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Intracellular iron ion conversion was spectrophotometrically determined by measuring the absorbance of sigma-phenanthroline at 510 nm.
O(2)(-) generation was significantly higher in LAgP PMNs before and after stimulation with formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (100 nM). CP expression in PMNs and CP levels in serum were significantly higher in subjects with LAgP compared to the PMNs and serum samples from matched healthy donors (P <0.05). LAgP PMNs also had significantly higher levels of Fe(3+) and lower levels of Fe(2+) compared to healthy PMNs (P <0.05), suggesting increased iron conversion. Exogenous CP treatment of healthy PMNs resulted in significant increases in O(2)(-) generation and iron ion conversion similar to LAgP PMNs.
LAgP PMNs are primed to express higher levels of CP, leading to hypoxia-mediated O(2)(-) generation in PMNs and increased oxidative stress and neutrophil-mediated tissue injury in LAgP.
Article: Resistance to thyroid hormone caused by a new mutation (V336M) in the thyroid hormone receptor beta gene.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH), usually caused by an inherited defect of the thyroid hormone receptor, (TRbeta), results in a reduced responsiveness of target tissues to thyroid hormone. Until now, more than 600 cases with RTH have been identified. Although usually linked to the TRbeta gene, located on chromosome 3, RTH may also occur in the absence of mutations in the coding region of this gene. We report a 10-month-old boy who had laboratory findings typical of RTH. He was born prematurely on the 34th week of gestation and his thyrotropin (TSH) during neonatal screening was 121 microU/mL, a value very high for RTH or prematurity. Direct sequencing of the TRbeta gene from the patient's genomic DNA revealed a heterozygous substitution of the normal valine with a mutant methionine in codon 336 (V336M) that has not been previously reported. In vitro expression studies showed that this mutant TRbeta has an impaired triiodothyronine (T3)-dependent transactivation that reduces the activity of the wild-type TRbeta (dominant negative effect). While the functional impairment of V336M is not unusual compared to other TRbeta gene mutations, the very high TSH value in this prematurely born infant suggests that fetuses with RTH have altered maturation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-thyroid axis or actually may suffer from hypothyroidism.Thyroid 11/1999; 9(10):1001-4. · 4.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Serum Cu and caeruloplasmin levels have been suggested to be independent risk factors for CHD operating through oxidative modification of LDL. However, given its function as an acute-phase protein, the question has been raised whether an elevated caeruloplasmin level is not merely an indicator of inflammation. In the current study, we investigated whether serum caeruloplasmin was associated with subsequent myocardial infarction, taking into account indices of inflammation. The study population consisted of 210 cases of first myocardial infarction and controls, frequency-matched on age (5-year categories) and sex, selected from the population-based cohort of the Rotterdam Study. Serum caeruloplasmin levels were significantly elevated in cases of myocardial infarction compared with controls (510 (SD 110) v. 470 (SD 100) mg/l; P = 0.007). Risk of myocardial infarction for the highest compared with the lowest quartile of caeruloplasmin was 2.46 (95% CI 1.04, 6.00; Ptrend = 0.043) after adjustment for age, sex, BMI, pack-years smoked, serum cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, and income. The relative risk was most evident in current smokers. Adjustment for C-reactive protein and leucocyte count reduced the excess risk by 33%. This suggests that a substantial part of the observed association between serum caeruloplasmin and CHD may be attributed to inflammation processes rather than to the pro-oxidant activity of caeruloplasmin.British Journal Of Nutrition 03/1999; 81(2):139-44. · 3.01 Impact Factor