Vibrational branching ratios in the (b(2u))(-1) photoionization of C6F6.

Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3255, USA.
The Journal of Chemical Physics (Impact Factor: 3.12). 08/2009; 131(4):044311. DOI: 10.1063/1.3180817
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The vibrational branching ratios in the photoionization of C(6)F(6) leading to the C (2)B(2u) state of C(6)F(6)(+) are considered. Computational and experimental data are compared for the excitation of two totally symmetric modes. Resonant features at photon energies near 19 and 21 eV are found. A detailed analysis of the computed results shows that the two resonance states have different responses to changes in the C-C and C-F bond lengths. We find that the energies of both of the resonant states decrease with increasing bond lengths. In contrast to the energy positions, however, the resonant widths and the integrated oscillator strength of the resonances can either increase or decrease with increasing bond length depending on the nature and location of the resonant state and the location of the bond under consideration. With increasing C-F bond length, we find that the energy of the antibonding sigma resonance localized on the ring has a decreasing resonance energy and also a decreasing lifetime. This behavior is in contrast to the usual behavior of shape resonance energies where increasing a bond length leads to decreasing resonance energies and increasing resonance lifetimes. Finally, for the first time, we examine the effect of simultaneously occurring multiple vibrations on the resonance profile for valence photoionization, and we find that the inclusion of more than a single vibrational mode substantially attenuates the strength of resonance.

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    ABSTRACT: We present a detailed account of existing theoretical methods specially designed to provide vibrationally resolved photoionization cross sections of simple molecules within the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, with emphasis on newly developed methods based on density functional theory. The performance of these methods is shown for the case of N(2) and CO photoionization. Particular attention is paid to the region of high photon energies, where the electron wavelength is comparable to the bond length and, therefore, two-center interferences and diffraction are expected to occur. As shown in a recent work [Canton et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 2011, 108, 7302-7306], the main experimental difficulty, which is to extract the relatively small diffraction features from the rapidly decreasing cross section, can be easily overcome by determining ratios of vibrationally resolved photoelectron spectra and existing theoretical calculations. From these ratios, one can thus get direct information about the molecular geometry. In this work, results obtained in a wide range of photon energies and for many different molecular orbitals of N(2) and CO are discussed and compared with the available experimental measurements. From this comparison, limitations and further possible improvements of the existing theoretical methods are discussed. The new results presented in the manuscript confirm that the conclusions reported in the above reference are of general validity.
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