Diketopiperazine alkaloids from a deep ocean sediment derived fungus Penicillium sp.

Key Laboratory of Marine Drugs, Chinese Ministry of Education, Institute of Marine Drugs and Food, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, P.R. China.
CHEMICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN (Impact Factor: 1.38). 09/2009; 57(8):873-6. DOI: 10.1248/cpb.57.873
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Five new diketopiperazine alkaloids, brevicompanines D-H (3-7), together with two known analogs, allo-brevicompanine B (1) and fructigenine B (2), were isolated from a deep ocean sediment derived fungus Penicillium sp. Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods including 2D NMR and chiral HPLC analysis. Compounds 4 and 7 inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide production in BV2 microglial cells.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Indole prenyltransferases AnaPT, CdpC3PT, and CdpNPT are known to catalyze the formation of prenylated pyrroloindoline diketopiperazines from tryptophan-containing cyclic dipeptides in one-step reactions. In this study, we investigated the different stereoselectivities of these enzymes toward all the stereoisomers of cyclo-Trp-Ala and cyclo-Trp-Pro. The stereoselectivities of AnaPT and CdpC3PT mainly depend on the configuration of the tryptophanyl moiety in the substrates, and they usually introduce the prenyl moiety from the opposite sides. CdpNPT showed lower stereoselectivity, and the structure of the second amino acid moiety in the substrates is important for the stereospecificity in its enzyme catalysis. Moreover, we determined the crystal structure of AnaPT in complex with thiolodiphosphate and compared it with the known structures of CdpNPT. Our results clearly revealed the presence of an indole binding mode that has so far not been characterized.
    Chemistry & biology 11/2013; 20(12). DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2013.10.007 · 6.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Two new cyclic dipeptides, rhinocladin A (1) and rhinocladin B (2), were isolated from a fungal endophyte (Rhinocladiella sp. lgt-3) of Tripterygiun wilfordii Hook. Their structures were elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR spectra. The monoamine oxidase inhibitory activity of 1 and 2 was also evaluated.
    Natural Product Research 08/2014; 28(20):1-5. DOI:10.1080/14786419.2014.945176 · 1.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Diketopiperazines (DKPs) are cyclic dipeptides, representing an abundant class of biologically active natural compounds. Despite their widespread occurrence in nature, little is known about their degradation. In this study, the enzymatical and microbial cleavage of DKPs was investigated. Peptidase catalyzed hydrolysis of certain DKPs was formerly reported, but could not be confirmed in this study. While testing additional peptidases and DKPs no degradation was detected, indicating peptidase stability of the peptide bond in cyclic dipeptides. Besides confirmation of the reported degradation of cyclo(l-Asp-l-Phe) by Paenibacillus chibensis (DSM 329) and Streptomyces flavovirens (DSM 40062), cleavage of cyclo(l-Asp-l-Asp) by DSM 329 was detected. Other DKPs were not hydrolyzed by both strains, demonstrating high substrate specificity. The degradation of cyclo(l-Asp-l-Phe) by DSM 40062 was shown to be inducible. Three strains, which are able to hydrolyze hydantoins and dihydropyrimidines, were identified for the degradation of DKPs: Leifsonia sp. K3 (DSM 27212) and Bacillus sp. A16 (DSM 25052) cleaved cyclo(dl-Ala-dl-Ala) and cyclo(l-Gly-l-Phe), and Rhizobium sp. NA04-01 (DSM 24917) degraded cyclo(l-Asp-l-Phe), cyclo(l-Gly-l-Phe) and cyclo(l-Asp-l-Asp). The first enantioselective cleavage of cyclo(dl-Ala-dl-Ala) was detected with the newly isolated strains Paenibacillus sp. 32A (DSM 27214) and Microbacterium sp. 40A (DSM 27211). Cyclo(l-Ala-d-Ala) and cyclo(l-Ala-l-Ala) were completely degraded, whereas the enantiomer cyclo(d-Ala-d-Ala) was not attacked. Altogether, five bacterial strains were newly identified for the cleavage of DKPs. These bacteria may be of value for industrial purposes, such as degradation of undesirable DKPs in food and drugs and production of (enantiopure) dipeptides and amino acids.
    08/2013; 3(1):51. DOI:10.1186/2191-0855-3-51