p8/nupr1 regulates DNA-repair activity after double-strand gamma irradiation-induced DNA damage.
ABSTRACT The stress protein p8 is a small, highly basic, unfolded, and multifunctional protein. We have previously shown that most of its functions are exerted through interactions with other proteins, whose activities are thereby enhanced or repressed. In this work we describe another example of such mechanism, by which p8 binds and negatively regulates MSL1, a histone acetyl transferase (HAT)-associated protein, which in turn binds the DNA-damage-associated 53BP1 protein to facilitate DNA repair following DNA gamma-irradiation. Contrary to the HAT-associated activity, MSL1-dependent DNA-repair activity is almost completely dependent on 53BP1 expression. The picture that has emerged from our findings is that 53BP1 could be a scaffold that gets the HAT MSL1-dependent DNA-repair activity to the sites of DNA damage. Finally, we also found that, although p8 expression is transiently activated after gamma-irradiation, it is eventually submitted to sustained down-regulation, presumably to allow development of MSL1-associated DNA-repair activity. We conclude that interaction of MSL1 with 53BP1 brings MSL1-dependent HAT activity to the vicinity of damaged DNA. MSL1-dependent HAT activity, which is negatively regulated by the stress protein p8, induces chromatin remodeling and relaxation allowing access to DNA of the repair machinery.
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ABSTRACT: Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and extracellular matrix remodeling, primarily mediated by inflammatory cytokine-stimulated cardiac fibroblasts, are critical cellular events in cardiac pathology. The molecular components governing these processes remain nebulous, and few genes have been linked to both hypertrophy and matrix remodeling. Here we show that p8, a small stress-inducible basic helix-loop-helix protein, is required for endothelin- and alpha-adrenergic agonist-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and for tumor necrosis factor-stimulated induction, in cardiac fibroblasts, of matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) 9 and 13-MMPs linked to general inflammation and to adverse ventricular remodeling in heart failure. In a stimulus-dependent manner, p8 associates with chromatin containing c-Jun and with the cardiomyocyte atrial natriuretic factor (anf) promoter and the cardiac fibroblast mmp9 and mmp13 promoters, established activator protein 1 effectors. p8 is also induced strongly in the failing human heart by a process reversed upon therapeutic intervention. Our results identify an unexpectedly broad involvement for p8 in key cellular events linked to cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and cardiac fibroblast MMP production, both of which occur in heart failure.Molecular and Cellular Biology 03/2007; 27(3):993-1006. · 5.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have studied the biochemical features, the conformational preferences in solution, and the DNA binding properties of human p8 (hp8), a nucleoprotein whose expression is affected during acute pancreatitis. Biochemical studies show that hp8 has properties of the high mobility group proteins, HMG-I/Y. Structural studies have been carried out by using circular dichroism (near- and far-ultraviolet), Fourier transform infrared, and NMR spectroscopies. All the biophysical probes indicate that hp8 is monomeric (up to 1 mm concentration) and partially unfolded in solution. The protein seems to bind DNA weakly, as shown by electrophoretic gel shift studies. On the other hand, hp8 is a substrate for protein kinase A (PKA). The phosphorylated hp8 (PKAhp8) has a higher content of secondary structure than the nonphosphorylated protein, as concluded by Fourier transform infrared studies. PKAhp8 binds DNA strongly, as shown by the changes in circular dichroism spectra, and gel shift analysis. Thus, although there is not a high sequence homology with HMG-I/Y proteins, hp8 can be considered as a HMG-I/Y-like protein.Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/2001; 276(4):2742-51. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The p8 protein is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of genes involved in cell defense against the adverse effects of stress. Its expression is strongly, rapidly, and transiently induced in most cells on exposure to various stress agents. This study assessed the role of p8 in the response of the liver to CCl(4)-induced injury. We found that p8 was indeed overexpressed in the liver after CCl(4) administration. Hepatic injury following CCl(4) injection was monitored in wild-type and p8(-/-) mice. Serum alanine and aspartate aminotransferase activities were higher and peaked earlier in p8(-/-) mice than in wild-type mice, which is in agreement with the observation of significantly larger areas of necrosis in p8(-/-) liver. Absence of p8 expression is therefore associated with increased liver sensitivity to CCl(4). In fact, CCl(4) toxicity is mediated by derivatives generated by its conversion by the enzyme CYP2E1. It is known that CYP2E1 is downregulated in the liver during the first hours following CCl(4) administration as part of a self-defense mechanism. We found that CYP2E1 downregulation was significantly delayed in p8(-/-) liver compared with wild-type liver, allowing increased production of toxic CCl(4) derivatives. In conclusion, inactivation of the p8 gene increases liver sensitivity to CCl(4), as it appears to delay the triggering of CYP2E1 downregulation. The p8 protein is therefore an important element of hepatocyte stress response.Hepatology 08/2005; 42(1):176-82. · 12.00 Impact Factor