Renal Artery Pseudoaneurysm Following Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy
ABSTRACT To present our experience with the management of renal artery pseudoaneurysms following laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN).
Our bi-institutional LPN database of 259 patients from July 2001 to April 2008 was queried for patients diagnosed with a postoperative renal artery pseudoaneurysm. Demographic data, perioperative course, complications, and follow-up studies in identified subjects were analyzed. Postembolization success was defined as symptomatic relief, resolution of hematuria, and a stable hematocrit and serum creatinine.
We identified 6 patients (2.3%) who were diagnosed with a renal artery pseudoaneurysm after LPN. The mean age of our cohort was 61.2 years (49-76), mean operative time was 208 minutes (140-265), and mean estimated blood loss was 408 mL (50-800). Patients presented at a mean of 12.6 days (5-23) after the initial surgery. Five patients had gross hematuria and a decreased hematocrit, with 1 patient presenting with clinical symptoms of hypovolemia. The sixth patient was incidentally diagnosed. The diagnosis of a renal artery pseudoaneurysm was confirmed in all cases by angiography. Selective angioembolization was successfully performed in all patients. At a median follow-up of 8.3 months all patients (100%) remained without any evidence of recurrence.
Although pseudoaneuryms are a rare postoperative complication of LPN, they are potentially life-threatening. Early identification and proper management can help reduce the potential morbidity associated with pseudoaneurysms. Our experience demonstrates the feasibility and supports the use of selective angioembolization as an excellent first-line option for patients who present with this form of delayed bleeding.
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ABSTRACT: Renal-artery pseudoaneurysm (RAP) is a well-described complication of partial nephrectomy. We aimed to evaluate the occurrence rate of delayed hemorrhage from RAP after partial nephrectomy, and to investigate the efficacy and safety of selective renal arterial embolization. Between January 2000 and December 2010, 426 partial nephrectomies were performed at our institution for treatment of small renal mass (SRMs). A retrospective review of these cases revealed that 14 patients developed a postoperative RAP (3.29 % incidence). We compared the clinical characteristics between the 14 patients with delayed renal hemorrhage and other 412 patients. RAP was diagnosed by renal angiography in 12 patients with delayed renal hemorrhage. Of the 12 patients, 10 patients were successfully treated with selective renal arterial embolization after presenting with symptoms postoperatively, 1 patient was treated with open surgery, and 1 patient was treated with nephrectomy. The other two patients showed no abnormalities in renal angiography, and the symptoms relieved by transfusion and hemostasis treatment. We found that tumor type, tumor size, tumor location, and surgical approach were significantly different between the 14 patients and other 412 patients. RAP showed a low incidence. The risk factors of RAP included renal cell carcinoma, tumor with large size, and tumor location. Most patients with delayed renal hemorrhage from RAP were successfully cured by selective renal arterial embolization. Therefore, selective renal arterial embolization can be used as the preferential therapy for RAP.Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics 07/2014; 70(3). DOI:10.1007/s12013-014-0140-0 · 2.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Renal artery pseudoaneurysms are uncommon vascular lesions that require a high degree of suspicion because they are usually difficult to diagnose. Posttraumatic renal artery pseudoaneurysms should be treated because spontaneous resolution is extremely unusual, and the risk of aneurysm rupture is high. We describe the case of a patient who presented with a pulsatile mass in the right upper quadrant and recurrent abdominal pain 18 months after blunt trauma. Arteriography and multislice computed tomography angiography revealed a pseudoaneurysm measuring 22 cm in the right renal artery. The patient was successfully treated with conventional open surgery.Jornal Vascular Brasileiro 06/2013; 12(2):159-162. DOI:10.1590/S1677-54492013000200012
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ABSTRACT: Objectives To investigate the incidence of asymptomatic unruptured renal artery pseudoaneurysm detected by 3-D computed tomography arteriography in the early period after minimally invasive partial nephrectomy, including laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy.Methods From February 2012 to November 2013, 101 patients underwent minimally invasive partial nephrectomy for renal masses. Computed tomography arteriography was carried out 3–4 days after surgery; radiologists diagnosed renal artery pseudoaneurysm in a blinded manner. Factors influencing the occurrence of renal artery pseudoaneurysm were analyzed with the logistic regression model.ResultsThe incidence of renal artery pseudoaneurysm was unexpectedly high at 21.7% when detected by computed tomography arteriography during the early period after minimally invasive partial nephrectomy. The renal artery pseudoaneurysm group showed a significantly larger tumor size (P = 0.02), significantly higher N component score (P = 0.01) and higher incidence of renal sinus exposure or opening of the collecting system (P < 0.01) compared with the no renal artery pseudoaneurysm group. Although these aforementioned factors were found to be significant by univariate analysis, multivariate analysis showed that renal sinus exposure was the only significant independent predictive factor for occurrence of renal artery pseudoaneurysm. Tumor-related factors, such as the N component of the nephrometry scoring system or tumor size, did not show an independent influence on the occurrence of renal artery pseudoaneurysm.Conclusions The present study shows an unexpectedly high incidence of asymptomatic unruptured renal artery pseudoaneurysm detected by computed tomography arteriography in the early period after minimally invasive partial nephrectomy. Renal sinus exposure is an independent significant factor predicting the occurrence of renal artery pseudoaneurysm. Avoidance of deep excision into the renal sinus could reduce the risk of renal artery pseudoaneurysm.International Journal of Urology 01/2015; 22(4). DOI:10.1111/iju.12696 · 1.80 Impact Factor