Simultaneous quantification of eight major bioactive phenolic compounds in Chinese propolis by high-performance liquid chromatography
College of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, People's Republic of China.Natural product communications (Impact Factor: 0.91). 06/2009; 4(6):813-8.
A simple, sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatography-UV (HPLC-UV) method has been developed to simultaneously quantify the eight major bioactive phenolic compounds in Chinese propolis, namely caffeic acid, isoferulic acid, 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic acid, pinobanksin 5-methyl ether, pinocembrin, benzyl caffeate, chrysin and galangin. This HPLC assay was performed on an Agilent Zorbax Extend-C18 (250 x 4.6 mm, 5 microm) column with a gradient of methanol and 0.2% aqueous acetic acid (v/v) in 50 min, at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min, and detected at 290 nm. All calibration curves showed good linearity (r2 > 0.999) within the test ranges. The intra- and inter-day assay precision (RSD) of eight phenolic compounds were in the range of 0.07-4.92%. The recoveries were between 98.3% and 104.8%. This assay was applied to the evaluation of nineteen samples from different origins in China. The results indicated that the developed assay could be readily utilized for the quality control of propolis.
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- "With regard to China, the propolis of this region is also of the poplar-type [Table 5 and Figure 13].[2032–35] However in the Chinese propolis some authors also have described some new compounds that had not yet been referred [Table 5 and Figure 14]. "
ABSTRACT: Propolis is a resinous substance produced by honeybees as defense against intruders. It has relevant therapeutic properties that have been used since ancient times. Nowadays, propolis is of increasing importance as a therapeutic, alone or included in many medicines and homeopathic products or in cosmetics. Propolis is produced worldwide and honeybees use the flora surrounding their beehives for its production. Therefore its chemical composition may change according to the flora. The phenolic and volatile fractions of propolis have been revised in the present study, as well as some of the biological properties attributed to this natural product. An alert is given about the need to standardize this product, with quality control. This has already been initiated by some authors, mainly in the propolis from the poplar-type. Only this product can constitute a good complementary and alternative medicine under internationally acceptable quality control.10/2011; 3(4):479-95. DOI:10.4103/0975-7406.90101
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ABSTRACT: Propolis is a chemically complex resinous bee product which has gained worldwide popularity as a means to improve health condition and prevent diseases. The main constituents of an aqueous extract of a sample of green propolis from Southeast Brazil were shown by high performance liquid chromatography/mass spectroscopy/mass spectroscopy to be mono- and di-O-caffeoylquinic acids; phenylpropanoids known as important constituents of alcohol extracts of green propolis, such as artepillin C and drupanin were also detected in low amounts in the aqueous extract. The anti-inflammatory activity of this extract was evaluated by determination of wound healing parameters. Female Swiss mice were implanted subcutaneously with polyesther-polyurethane sponge discs to induce wound healing responses, and administered orally with green propolis (500 mg kg(-1)). At 4, 7 and 14 days post-implantation, the fibrovascular stroma and deposition of extracellular matrix were evaluated by histopathologic and morphometric analyses. In the propolis-treated group at Days 4 and 7 the inflammatory process in the sponge was reduced in comparison with control. A progressive increase in cell influx and collagen deposition was observed in control and propolis-treated groups during the whole period. However, these effects were attenuated in the propolis-treated group at Days 4 and 7, indicating that key factors of the wound healing process are modulated by propolis constituents.Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 09/2009; 2011:748283. DOI:10.1093/ecam/nep112 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Propolis, a resinous bee-hive product referred as “bee glue”, is collected from various plant sources, such as buds of conifer and poplar trees, by honeybees (Apis mellifera). Honeybees blend this resinous non-toxic substance with their salivary secretions and wax flakes secreted from special glands on their abdomens. Propolis has been used as a healing agent for thousands of years in folk medicine. There is substantial evidence indicating that propolis exhibits a broad spectrum of therapeutic (biological/pharmacological) properties such as antimicrobial, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antitumor, anticancer, anti-ulcer, hepatoprotective, and cardioprotective properties. Propolis contains more than 200-300 natural compounds. The biological/pharmacological activities of propolis depend on the presence of a large number of polyphenols, mainly flavonoids (flavonoid aglycones), aromatic acids, phenolic acid esters (caffeates and ferulates), triterpenes, diterpenic acids and lignanes. The chemical composition and beneficial properties of propolis vary depending on the plant source, geographic origin and collection time. Present overview is an attempt to discuss the molecular mechanism(s) underlying the diverse biological effects of propolis.Current Nutrition & Food Science 07/2010; 6(3):186-199. DOI:10.2174/157340110792389136
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