Skaland I, Janssen EA, Gudlaugsson E, et al. The prognostic value of the proliferation marker phosphohistone H3 (PPH3) in luminal, basal-like and triple negative phenotype invasive lymph node-negative breast cancer

Department of Pathology, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway.
Cellular oncology: the official journal of the International Society for Cellular Oncology (Impact Factor: 4.17). 01/2009; 31(4):261-71. DOI: 10.3233/CLO-2009-0464
Source: PubMed


Prognostic comparison of phosphohistone-H3 (PPH3) with Cytokeratin 5/6 and/or 14 positive (=basal-CK), triple (ER, PR, HER2)-negative (=TNP) and basal-like (=TNP and basal-CK positive) phenotype in invasive breast cancers.
Classical variables, PPH3, ER, PR, basal-CK and HER2 in 240 T1-2N0M0 patients under 71 years.
TNP and basal-like cancers had higher PPH3 expression than the other cancers (mean 48 versus 11, P<0.001). Fifteen percent of the patients in the whole group, but 32-38% of TNP and basal-like cancers recurred. With multivariate analysis, PPH3<13 (n=156) versus >or=13 (n=84=35% of all cases) was the strongest and only prognosticator (10-year survival 96% and 64%, P<or=0.001, Hazard ratio=9.0).
PPH3 is the strongest prognosticators in luminal, Triple negative and basal-like T1-2N0M0 invasive breast cancers.

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    • "The percentage of CK5/6 positive tumour cells in each cancer was scored using a continuous scale of 0–100%. In the final analysis all tumours with any CK5/6 staining in tumour cells were grouped as being positive as described before [22]. ERα was scored positive if ≥1% of tumours cells showed nuclear staining and all others were scored negative. "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Although lymph node negative (LN-) breast cancer patients have a good 10-years survival (∼85%), most of them still receive adjuvant therapy, while only some benefit from this. More accurate prognostication of LN- breast cancer patient may reduce over- and under-treatment. Until now proliferation is the strongest prognostic factor for LN- breast cancer patients. The small molecule microRNA (miRNA) has opened a new window for prognostic markers, therapeutic targets and/or therapeutic components. Previously it has been shown that miR-18a/b, miR-25, miR-29c and miR-106b correlate to high proliferation. Methods The current study validates nine miRNAs (miR-18a/b miR-25, miR-29c, miR-106b, miR375, miR-424, miR-505 and let-7b) significantly correlated with established prognostic breast cancer biomarkers. Total RNA was isolated from 204 formaldehyde-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) LN- breast cancers and analyzed with quantitative real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR). Independent T-test was used to detect significant correlation between miRNA expression level and the different clinicopathological features for breast cancer. Results Strong and significant associations were observed for high expression of miR-18a/b, miR-106b, miR-25 and miR-505 to high proliferation, oestrogen receptor negativity and cytokeratin 5/6 positivity. High expression of let-7b, miR-29c and miR-375 was detected in more differentiated tumours. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients with high miR-106b expression had an 81% survival rate vs. 95% (P = 0.004) for patients with low expression. Conclusion High expression of miR-18a/b are strongly associated with basal-like breast cancer features, while miR-106b can identify a group with higher risk for developing distant metastases in the subgroup of Her2 negatives. Furthermore miR-106b can identify a group of patients with 100% survival within the otherwise considered high risk group of patients with high proliferation. Using miR-106b as a biomarker in conjunction to mitotic activity index could thereby possibly save 18% of the patients with high proliferation from overtreatment.
    PLoS ONE 11/2012; 7(11):e48692. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0048692 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "Phospho-histone H3 has been similarly employed to evaluate tumor grade and aggressiveness [32], [33]. Phospho-histone H3 is a prognostic proliferation marker in triple negative invasive lymph node-negative breast cancer [50]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Lysyl oxidase propeptide (LOX-PP) ectopic overexpression inhibits the growth of cancer xenografts. Here the ability and mode of action of purified recombinant LOX-PP (rLOX-PP) protein to inhibit the growth of pre-existing xenografts was determined. Experimental approaches employed were direct intratumoral injection (i.t.) of rLOX-PP protein into murine breast cancer NF639 xenografts, and application of a slow release formulation of rLOX-PP implanted adjacent to tumors in NCR nu/nu mice (n = 10). Tumors were monitored for growth, and after sacrifice were subjected to immunohistochemical and Western blot analyses for several markers of proliferation, apoptosis, and for rLOX-PP itself. Direct i.t. injection of rLOX-PP significantly reduced tumor volume on days 20, 22 and 25 and tumor weight at harvest on day 25 by 30% compared to control. Implantation of beads preloaded with 35 micrograms rLOX-PP (n = 10) in vivo reduced tumor volume and weight at sacrifice when compared to empty beads (p<0.05). A 30% reduction of tumor volume on days 22 and 25 (p<0.05) and final tumor weight on day 25 (p<0.05) were observed with a reduced tumor growth rate of 60% after implantation. rLOX-PP significantly reduced the expression of proliferation markers and Erk1/2 MAP kinase activation, while prominent increases in apoptosis markers were observed. rLOX-PP was detected by immunohistochemistry in harvested rLOX-PP tumors, but not in controls. Data provide pre-clinical findings that support proof of principle for the therapeutic anti-cancer potential of rLOX-PP protein formulations.
    PLoS ONE 02/2012; 7(2):e31188. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0031188 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Initially recognized through microarray-based gene expression profiling, basal-like breast cancer, for which we lack effective targeted therapies, is an aggressive form of carcinoma with a predilection for younger women. With some success, immunohistochemical studies have attempted to reproduce the expression profile classification of breast cancer through identification of subtype-specific biomarkers. This review aims to present an in depth summary and analysis of the current status of basal-like breast cancer biomarker research. While a number of biomarkers show promise for future clinical application, the next logical step is a comprehensive investigation of all biomarkers against a gene expression profile gold standard for breast cancer subtype assignment.
    Cancers 06/2010; 2(2):1040-1065. DOI:10.3390/cancers2021040
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