Article

FcepsilonRI-mediated mast cell migration: signaling pathways and dependence on cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration.

Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.
Cellular Signalling (Impact Factor: 4.47). 08/2009; 21(11):1698-705. DOI: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2009.07.008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT IgE-sensitized rat basophilic leukemia (RBL)-2H3 mast cells have been shown to migrate towards antigen. In the present study we tried to identify the mechanism by which antigen causes mast cell migration. Antigen caused migration of RBL-2H3 cells at the concentration ranges of 1000-fold lower than those required for degranulation and the dose response was biphasic. This suggests that mast cells can detect very low concentration gradients of antigen (pg/ml ranges), which initiate migration until they degranulate near the origin of antigen, of which concentration is in the ng/ml ranges. Similar phenomenon was observed in human mast cells (HMCs) derived from CD34(+) progenitors. As one mechanism of mast cell migration, we tested the involvement of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). Fc epsilon RI-mediated cell migration was dependent on the production of S1P but independent of a S1P receptor or its signaling pathways as determined with S1P receptor antagonist VPC23019 and Gi protein inhibitor pertussis toxin (PTX). This indicated that the site of action of S1P produced by antigen stimulation was intracellular. However, S1P-induced mast cell migration was dependent on S1P receptor activation and inhibited by both VPC23019 and PTX. Cell migration towards antigen or extracellular S1P was dependent on the activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, while only migration towards antigen was inhibited by the inhibitors of sphingosine kinase and phospholipase C (PLC) and intracellular calcium chelator BAPTA. In summary, our data suggest that the high affinity receptor for IgE (Fc epsilon RI)-mediated mast cell migration is dependent on the production of S1P but independent of S1P receptors. Cell migration mediated by either Fc epsilon RI or S1P receptors involves activation of both PI3K and MAPK.

1 Bookmark
 · 
108 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mast cells infiltrate the sites of inflammation associated with chronic atopic disease and during helminth and bacterial infection. This process requires receptor-mediated cell chemotaxis across a concentration gradient of their chemotactic ligands. In vivo, mast cells are likely to be exposed to several such agents, which can cooperate in a synergistic manner to regulate mast cell homing. Here, we report that chemotaxis of mouse bone-marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) in response to the chemoattractants stem-cell factor (SCF) and prostaglandin (PG)E(2), is substantially enhanced following antigen-dependent ligation of the high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcεRI). These responses were associated with enhanced activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), and downstream activation of the tyrosine protein kinase Btk, with subsequent enhanced phospholipase (PL)Cγ-mediated Ca(2+) mobilization, Rac activation and F-actin rearrangement. Antigen-induced chemotaxis, and the ability of antigen to amplify responses mediated by SCF, adenosine and PGE(2) were suppressed following inhibition of PI3K, and were impaired in BMMCs derived from Btk(-/-) mice. There were corresponding decreases in the PLCγ-mediated Ca(2+) signal, Rac activation and F-actin rearrangement, which, as they are essential for BMMC chemotaxis, accounts for the impaired migration of Btk-deficient cells. Taken together, these data demonstrate that, by regulating signaling pathways that control F-actin rearrangement, Btk is crucial for the ability of antigen to amplify mast-cell chemotactic responses.
    Journal of Cell Science 08/2010; 123(Pt 15):2576-85. · 5.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Migration is a fundamental function of immune cells, and a role for Ca(2+) in immune cell migration has been an interest of scientific investigations for many decades. Mast cells are the major effector cells in IgE-mediated immune responses, and cross-linking of IgE-FcεRI complexes at the mast cell surface by antigen activates a signaling cascade that causes mast cell activation, resulting in Ca(2+) mobilization and granule exocytosis. These cells are known to accumulate at sites of inflammation in response to parasite and bacterial infections. Using real-time imaging, we monitored chemotactic migration of RBL and rat BMMCs in response to a gradient of soluble multivalent antigen. Here, we show that Ca(2+) influx via Orai1 plays an important role in regulating spontaneous motility and directional migration of mast cells toward antigen via IgER complexes. Inhibition of Ca(2+) influx or knockdown of the Ca(2+) entry channel protein Orai1 by shRNA causes inhibition of both of these processes. In addition, a mutant Syk- shows impaired spontaneous motility and chemotaxis toward antigen that is rescued by expression of Syk. Our findings identify a novel Ca(2+) influx-mediated, Orai1-dependent mechanism for mast cell migration.
    Journal of leukocyte biology 08/2012; · 4.99 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Type I allergy is characterized by the release of granule-associated mediators, lipid-derived substances, cytokines, and chemokines by activated mast cells. To evaluate the anti-allergic effects of macelignan isolated from Myristica fragrans Houtt., we determined its ability to inhibit calcium (Ca(2+)) influx, degranulation, and inflammatory mediator production in RBL-2 H3 cells stimulated with A23187 and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. Macelignan inhibited Ca(2+) influx and the secretion of β-hexosaminidase, histamine, prostaglandin E(2), and leukotriene C(4); decreased mRNA levels of cyclooxygenase-2, 5-lipoxygenase, interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-13, and tumor necrosis factor-α; and attenuated phosphorylation of Akt and the mitogen-activated protein kinases extracellular signal-regulated kinase, p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase. These results indicate the potential of macelignan as a type I allergy treatment.
    Inflammation 06/2012; 35(5):1723-31. · 2.46 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
0 Downloads
Available from