Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth (NEWS-Y): Reliability and relationship with physical activity
ABSTRACT To examine the psychometric properties of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale-Youth (NEWS-Y) and explore its associations with context-specific and overall physical activity (PA) among youth.
In 2005, parents of children ages 5-11 (n=116), parents of adolescents ages 12-18 (n=171), and adolescents ages 12-18 (n=171) from Boston, Cincinnati, and San Diego, completed NEWS-Y surveys regarding perceived land use mix-diversity, recreation facility availability, pedestrian/automobile traffic safety, crime safety, aesthetics, walking/cycling facilities, street connectivity, land use mix-access, and residential density. A standardized neighborhood environment score was derived. Self-reported activity in the street and in parks, and walking to parks, shops, school, and overall physical activity were assessed.
The NEWS-Y subscales had acceptable test-retest reliability (ICC range .56-.87). Being active in a park, walking to a park, walking to shops, and walking to school were related to multiple environmental attributes in all three participant groups. Total neighborhood environment, recreation facilities, walking and cycling facilities, and land use mix-access had the most consistent relationships with specific types of activity.
The NEWS-Y has acceptable reliability and subscales were significantly correlated with specific types of youth PA. The NEWS-Y can be used to examine neighborhood environment correlates of youth PA.
SourceAvailable from: Tom Stewart[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The accurate measurement of daily mobility and travel to destinations beyond the residential neighbourhood has been identified as an important but almost systematically overlooked factor when investigating the relationship between exposure to the built environment and physical activity. The recent development of VERITAS - a web-based application nested within a computer-assisted personal interview - allows researchers to assess daily mobility, travel to regular destinations, and perceived neighbourhood boundaries using interactive mapping technology. The aims of this pilot study were to (1) demonstrate the feasibility and functionality of using VERITAS in an adolescent sample, and (2) compare urban form characteristics and geometric features of the perceived neighbourhood with traditional neighbourhood delimitations. Data were collected and analysed for twenty-eight participants (14 male, 15.9 ± 1.48 years) in 2013. Participants underwent anthropometric assessment before completing a custom-designed VERITAS protocol under the supervision of trained interview technicians. Regularly visited destinations, school travel routes, transportation modes, travel companions, and perceived neighbourhood boundaries were assessed. Data were imported into ArcGIS and street network distances between the home and each geolocated destination were generated. Convex hull activity spaces were derived from destinations. Urban form variables and geometric characteristics were compared between the perceived neighbourhood, existing meshblocks, 1 mile Euclidean buffers, and 1 km network buffers. In total, 529 destinations were geolocated, 58% of which were outside the perceived neighbourhood boundary. Active travel was inversely associated with distance to destinations (r = -.43, p < .05) and traveling with adults (r = -.68, p < .01). Urban form and geometric characteristics of the perceived neighbourhood were different from those in other neighbourhood delimitations. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using VERITAS to assess mobility within adolescent populations. Our results also illustrate the potential novelty and use of user-defined spaces, and highlight the limitations of relying on restricted definitions of place (i.e., administrative or residential-focused neighbourhoods) when assessing environmental exposure.International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 02/2015; 12(1):18. DOI:10.1186/s12966-015-0176-6 · 3.68 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Physical inactivity has been a leading factor of chronic diseases and high rate of mortality in the world. Despite the fact, only a small portion of people are able to meet up the recommended physical activities. However, there are handful studies suggest that built environment may provide stimulus or barriers to people's participation in physical activities. Drawing upon this context, this paper aims to review articles regarding 'built environment and physical activity' focusing on characteristics of built environment which are particularly helpful in improving neighborhood environment, and to catch the attention to physical activities, such as walking, and cycling. It also critically reviews the measures of built environment, and finds three measures viz. (i) perceived environment measures, (ii) observational measures, and (iii) GIS-based measures. The article argues that integrated measures of built environment might be helpful to reduce limitations of individual measures and to understand the reasons of less participation in physical activities. It also suggests some practical interventions for improvement of built environment which is essentially inevitable to persuade physical activities. mvivsk: we ‡k¦ giYe¨vwa I AwaK nv ‡i giYkxjZvi Rb¨vixwiK AKg© GKwU cÖ avb wbqvgK| G m ‡Ë¡ I, Ly e Aí msL¨K gvby l my cvwikK… Z kvixwiK Kg© Kv ‡Ê (e¨vqv ‡g) AskMÖ nY Ki ‡Z cv ‡i| hvB ‡nvK, A ‡bK M ‡elYv my cvwik K ‡i †h, ¯' vwcZ cwi ‡ek gvby ‡li kvixwiK e¨vqv ‡g AskMÖ n ‡Y DÏxcK A_ev evu av cÖ vb Ki ‡Z cv ‡i| GB †cÖ w ¶ ‡Z, eZ© gvb cÖ eÜwU Ô¯' vwcZ cwi ‡ek Ges kvixwiK e¨vqvgÕ m¤úwK© Z M ‡elYvmg~ n ch© v ‡jvPbv K ‡i hv g~ jZt ¯' vwcZ cwi ‡e ‡kîewkó¨mg~ n, ‡h¸jv cª wZ ‡ek Dboe q ‡b mvnvh¨i ; Ges kvixwiK e¨vqvg (†hgb, cv ‡q nvu Uv, wØPµhvb Pvjbv BZ¨vw) Gi cÖ wZ g ‡bv ‡hvMx K ‡i †Zv ‡j| cÖ eÜwU ¯' vwcZ cwi ‡ek m¤úwK© Z mvaviY cwigvcKmg~ n; †hgb (K) cÖ Z¨YK… Z cwi ‡ek cwigvcK, (L) ch© ‡e ¶Yg~ jK cwigvcK, Ges (M) wRAvBGm-wbf© i cwigvcK) ch© v ‡jvPbv K ‡i| ZvQvovI GwU GKwU mgwš^ Z ¯' vwcZ cwi ‡ek cwigvcK KvVv ‡gv Dc¯' vcb K ‡i hv ¯^ Zš¿ cwigvcKmg~ ‡nì~ e© jZv n« vm Ki ‡Z cv ‡i Ges kvixwiK e¨vqv ‡g Kg AskMÖ n ‡Yi KviYmg~ n ey S ‡Z mvnvh¨i| GQvovI cÖ eÜwU ¯' vwcZ cwi ‡ek Dboe q ‡b AviI K ‡qKwU e¨envwiK my cvwik cÖ vb K ‡i, †h¸jv kvixwiK e¨vqv ‡g AskMª nY evov ‡Z mnvqK|
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: During the last decade transportation in Malaysia has been changed and stepped forward into motorized-transportation. However, Malaysian government started to move toward sustainable society, which sustainable transportation is one of the parts. University Putra Malaysia's (UPM) Serdang campus is mainly dependent on the personal cars and shuttle buses. Furthermore, routes in the campus mainly planned for the vehicles rather than pedestrians and cyclists. This study was trying to examinefunctional factors that encourage UPM's students to do pedestrian activities in the campus.In this study quantitative method through questionnaire survey has selected to assess the variables on a sample of subject. The result showed that students were more looking for accessibility and connectivity, and they were more expected to have particularly pedestrian shortcuts. This research can be helpful for the UPM's policy makers and master planners to facilitate in documenting pedestrian environment literature, as well as help urban designers and city planners to have a deeper perspective of pedestrian perceptions and opinions in tropical climate and particularly Malaysia.