Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth (NEWS-Y): Reliability and relationship with physical activity
ABSTRACT To examine the psychometric properties of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale-Youth (NEWS-Y) and explore its associations with context-specific and overall physical activity (PA) among youth.
In 2005, parents of children ages 5-11 (n=116), parents of adolescents ages 12-18 (n=171), and adolescents ages 12-18 (n=171) from Boston, Cincinnati, and San Diego, completed NEWS-Y surveys regarding perceived land use mix-diversity, recreation facility availability, pedestrian/automobile traffic safety, crime safety, aesthetics, walking/cycling facilities, street connectivity, land use mix-access, and residential density. A standardized neighborhood environment score was derived. Self-reported activity in the street and in parks, and walking to parks, shops, school, and overall physical activity were assessed.
The NEWS-Y subscales had acceptable test-retest reliability (ICC range .56-.87). Being active in a park, walking to a park, walking to shops, and walking to school were related to multiple environmental attributes in all three participant groups. Total neighborhood environment, recreation facilities, walking and cycling facilities, and land use mix-access had the most consistent relationships with specific types of activity.
The NEWS-Y has acceptable reliability and subscales were significantly correlated with specific types of youth PA. The NEWS-Y can be used to examine neighborhood environment correlates of youth PA.
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ABSTRACT: The accurate measurement of daily mobility and travel to destinations beyond the residential neighbourhood has been identified as an important but almost systematically overlooked factor when investigating the relationship between exposure to the built environment and physical activity. The recent development of VERITAS - a web-based application nested within a computer-assisted personal interview - allows researchers to assess daily mobility, travel to regular destinations, and perceived neighbourhood boundaries using interactive mapping technology. The aims of this pilot study were to (1) demonstrate the feasibility and functionality of using VERITAS in an adolescent sample, and (2) compare urban form characteristics and geometric features of the perceived neighbourhood with traditional neighbourhood delimitations. Data were collected and analysed for twenty-eight participants (14 male, 15.9 ± 1.48 years) in 2013. Participants underwent anthropometric assessment before completing a custom-designed VERITAS protocol under the supervision of trained interview technicians. Regularly visited destinations, school travel routes, transportation modes, travel companions, and perceived neighbourhood boundaries were assessed. Data were imported into ArcGIS and street network distances between the home and each geolocated destination were generated. Convex hull activity spaces were derived from destinations. Urban form variables and geometric characteristics were compared between the perceived neighbourhood, existing meshblocks, 1 mile Euclidean buffers, and 1 km network buffers. In total, 529 destinations were geolocated, 58% of which were outside the perceived neighbourhood boundary. Active travel was inversely associated with distance to destinations (r = -.43, p < .05) and traveling with adults (r = -.68, p < .01). Urban form and geometric characteristics of the perceived neighbourhood were different from those in other neighbourhood delimitations. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using VERITAS to assess mobility within adolescent populations. Our results also illustrate the potential novelty and use of user-defined spaces, and highlight the limitations of relying on restricted definitions of place (i.e., administrative or residential-focused neighbourhoods) when assessing environmental exposure.International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 02/2015; 12(1):18. DOI:10.1186/s12966-015-0176-6 · 3.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Physical inactivity has been a leading factor of chronic diseases and high rate of mortality in the world. Despite the fact, only a small portion of people are able to meet up the recommended physical activities. However, there are handful studies suggest that built environment may provide stimulus or barriers to people's participation in physical activities. Drawing upon this context, this paper aims to review articles regarding 'built environment and physical activity' focusing on characteristics of built environment which are particularly helpful in improving neighborhood environment, and to catch the attention to physical activities, such as walking, and cycling. It also critically reviews the measures of built environment, and finds three measures viz. (i) perceived environment measures, (ii) observational measures, and (iii) GIS-based measures. The article argues that integrated measures of built environment might be helpful to reduce limitations of individual measures and to understand the reasons of less participation in physical activities. It also suggests some practical interventions for improvement of built environment which is essentially inevitable to persuade physical activities. mvivsk: we ‡k¦ giYe¨vwa I AwaK nv ‡i giYkxjZvi Rb¨vixwiK AKg© GKwU cÖ avb wbqvgK| G m ‡Ë¡ I, Ly e Aí msL¨K gvby l my cvwikK… Z kvixwiK Kg© Kv ‡Ê (e¨vqv ‡g) AskMÖ nY Ki ‡Z cv ‡i| hvB ‡nvK, A ‡bK M ‡elYv my cvwik K ‡i †h, ¯' vwcZ cwi ‡ek gvby ‡li kvixwiK e¨vqv ‡g AskMÖ n ‡Y DÏxcK A_ev evu av cÖ vb Ki ‡Z cv ‡i| GB †cÖ w ¶ ‡Z, eZ© gvb cÖ eÜwU Ô¯' vwcZ cwi ‡ek Ges kvixwiK e¨vqvgÕ m¤úwK© Z M ‡elYvmg~ n ch© v ‡jvPbv K ‡i hv g~ jZt ¯' vwcZ cwi ‡e ‡kîewkó¨mg~ n, ‡h¸jv cª wZ ‡ek Dboe q ‡b mvnvh¨i ; Ges kvixwiK e¨vqvg (†hgb, cv ‡q nvu Uv, wØPµhvb Pvjbv BZ¨vw) Gi cÖ wZ g ‡bv ‡hvMx K ‡i †Zv ‡j| cÖ eÜwU ¯' vwcZ cwi ‡ek m¤úwK© Z mvaviY cwigvcKmg~ n; †hgb (K) cÖ Z¨YK… Z cwi ‡ek cwigvcK, (L) ch© ‡e ¶Yg~ jK cwigvcK, Ges (M) wRAvBGm-wbf© i cwigvcK) ch© v ‡jvPbv K ‡i| ZvQvovI GwU GKwU mgwš^ Z ¯' vwcZ cwi ‡ek cwigvcK KvVv ‡gv Dc¯' vcb K ‡i hv ¯^ Zš¿ cwigvcKmg~ ‡nì~ e© jZv n« vm Ki ‡Z cv ‡i Ges kvixwiK e¨vqv ‡g Kg AskMÖ n ‡Yi KviYmg~ n ey S ‡Z mvnvh¨i| GQvovI cÖ eÜwU ¯' vwcZ cwi ‡ek Dboe q ‡b AviI K ‡qKwU e¨envwiK my cvwik cÖ vb K ‡i, †h¸jv kvixwiK e¨vqv ‡g AskMª nY evov ‡Z mnvqK|
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ABSTRACT: Background: A natural and cheap way of increasing children’s physical activity is stimulating unstructured outside play. This study examined whether characteristics of the family and perceived physical environment were associated with the duration of children’s outside play. Methods: Parents participating in the “Be Active, Eat Right” cluster RCT control group (N = 2007) provided information on potential predictors of outside play (i.e. family and perceived physical environment) of their 5-year-old child by questionnaire. Child outside play was assessed by parental reports both at five and seven years. Linear regression analyses, adjusted for seasonality, were performed to evaluate associations between potential predictors and child outside play. Linear mixed models were fitted to evaluate the relationship between potential predictors and the development of outside play over two years, with season entered as a random factor. Results: Family environment was the strongest construct predicting child outside play, while parent perceived physical environment had no significant association with child outside play. Parental habit strength and the presence of rules were the strongest predictors of increased outside play. Parent perceived difficulty in improving child outside play was the strongest predictor of decreased outside play. Conclusion: Family environment predicted child outside play and not perceived physical environment. Parental rules and habit strength regarding improving outside play were associated with an improvement of child’s engagement in outside play.12/2014; 11:150. DOI:10.1186/s12966-014-0150-8