Association study of the single nucleotide polymorphisms in adiponectin-associated genes with type 2 diabetes in Han Chinese.
ABSTRACT Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ADIPOQ, ADIPOR1, and ADIPOR2 have been associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but there are many conflicting results especially in Chinese populations. To investigate the contribution of the adiponectin genes and their receptors to T2DM, a case-control study was performed and 11 SNPs of ADIPOQ, ADIPOR1, and ADIPOR2 were genotyped in 985 T2DM and 1,050 control subjects. rs16861194 (-11426 A>G) in the putative promoter of ADIPOQ was associated with T2DM (P = 0.007; OR = 1.29, 95%CI 1.08-1.55). None of the other 10 SNPs were associated with T2DM in this study, although rs2241766 and rs1501299 were reported to be associated with T2DM in previous Chinese studies. There was also no significant difference found from the ADIPOQ haplotype analysis, which contains rs16861194. In addition, we also assessed potential gene-gene interactions in three genes and no interactions were found. In conclusion, our results supported the ADIPOQ gene as a possible risk factor for type 2 diabetes in Han Chinese population.
- SourceAvailable from: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Published genomewide association (GWA) studies typically analyze and report single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and their neighboring genes with the strongest evidence of association (the "most-significant SNPs/genes" approach), while paying little attention to the rest. Borrowing ideas from microarray data analysis, we demonstrate that pathway-based approaches, which jointly consider multiple contributing factors in the same pathway, might complement the most-significant SNPs/genes approach and provide additional insights into interpretation of GWA data on complex diseases.The American Journal of Human Genetics 11/2007; 81(6):1278-83. · 11.20 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Adiponectin is a collagen-like plasma protein specifically synthesized in adipose tissue. Plasma adiponectin concentrations are decreased in obesity whereas it is adipose-specific. To clarify the significance of the genetic variations in adiponectin gene on its plasma concentrations and obesity. Two hundred and nineteen unrelated adult Japanese subjects (123 men and 96 women, age: 20-83 y, BMI: 16-43 kg/m2) including 77 obese subjects (BMI>26.4 kg/m2). Human adiponectin gene was isolated from PAC DNA pools. Mutations in the adiponectin gene were screened by direct sequencing or restriction-fragment polymorphism. The levels of plasma adiponectin were determined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Adiponectin gene spanned 17 kb on chromosome 3q27, consisting of three exons and two introns. Within 2.1 kb of the 5'-flanking region, there were two octamer elements present in the promoter of adipsin. Two nucleotide changes were identified. One was a polymorphism (G/T) occurring in exon 2, and the other was a missense mutation (R112C) in exon 3. The mean plasma adiponectin levels of the subjects carrying G allele were low (G/G: 4.5 microg/ml; G/T: 5.9 microg/ml; and T/T: 6.3 microg/ml), but were not statistically significant. The allelic frequency between the obese and the non-obese showed no significant difference. The subject carrying R112C mutation showed markedly low concentration of plasma adiponectin. Two nucleotide changes have been identified in the adiponectin gene. G/T polymorphism in exon 2 was associated with neither plasma adiponectin concentrations nor the presence of obesity. A subject carrying missense mutation (R112C) showed markedly low plasma adiponectin concentration.International Journal of Obesity 08/2000; 24(7):861-8. · 5.22 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Adiponectin receptor 1 (ADIPOR1) and adiponectin receptor 2 (ADIPOR2) are newly identified receptors for adiponectin, an adipocytokine with anti-inflammatory and insulin-sensitizing properties. We screened for polymorphisms by performing sequence analysis on all eight exons, splice junctions, and approximately 2 kb of the 5' flanking regions of each receptor. We detected 5 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ADIPOR1 and 16 SNPs in ADIPOR2. We genotyped these SNPs in Amish subjects with type 2 diabetes (n = 137), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) (n = 139), and normal glucose tolerance (n = 342) to test for association with type 2 diabetes. Three intronic SNPs in ADIPOR1 were significantly associated with type 2 diabetes (P = 0.014-0.007; odds ratio [OR] 1.61-1.65) and in high linkage disequilibrium (r2 = 0.97-1.0). In ADIPOR2, we found that five SNPs delineated one large haplotype block (r2= 0.9-1.0) spanning >98 kb of the gene and promoter region, which was strongly associated with the combined type 2 diabetes/IGT trait (P < or = 0.001; OR 1.64-1.71). To our knowledge, these data provide the first evidence for association between variation in the adiponectin receptors and type 2 diabetes.Diabetes 07/2005; 54(7):2245-50. · 7.90 Impact Factor