Stability of blood analytes after storage in BD SST tubes for 12 mo.
ABSTRACT We studied the stability of 33 analytes related to clinical chemistry, bone, and vitamin metabolism, after storage in serum separator tubes (SST).
Blood was collected from 6 subjects using SST tubes. Some serum remained in the tube in contact with the barrier gel and was stored at -80 degrees C for 12 mo.
Clinically significant changes occurred only in 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and retinol-binding protein.
Freezing SST tubes before sample analysis is a viable option for some analytes.
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ABSTRACT: There is a lack of consensus regarding the most appropriate specimen type for analysis of many biochemistry analytes. The aim of this study was to compare renal and lipid analyte profiles and phenytoin values in plain serum (S), serum gel (G) and plasma (lithium heparin, P) tubes and to investigate the stability of these analytes after prolonged contact with cells or gel at room temperature (RT, 20 degrees C) and as aliquoted and stored at 4 degrees C. Primary specimens were centrifuged once, maintained at RT and analysed within 2 h (T(0)) and after 24 h (T(24)) and 48 h (T(48)). For assessment of stability at 4 degrees C, two cell-free aliquots were separated from each of the primary tubes and stored at 4 degrees C and then analysed at T(24) and T(48). Differences in analyte concentrations between tubes at T(0) and following storage (at T(24) and T(48)) were evaluated for both statistical and clinical significance. At T(0) all analytes, except potassium, demonstrated equivalence between serum, gel and plasma tubes. Potassium and creatinine were more stable in gel tubes than in serum/plasma tubes. In contrast, phentytoin was stable in plain serum and plasma up to T(48) at RT, but showed a progressive and clinically significant decrease in concentration in gel tubes at T(24) and T(48) at RT. All analytes except CO(2) were stable up to T(48) when aliquoted and stored at 4 degrees C. We concluded that the serum gel tube has advantages over plain serum and plasma tubes for measurement of the analytes investigated in this study, with the exception of phenytoin. In practice, the gel tubes demonstrate enhanced analyte stability and reduce the need to aliquot specimens, with greater protection against possible contamination. Further investigation would be required to evaluate a broader range of analytes.Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 02/2006; 44(5):662-8. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Serum separator tubes were introduced 25 years ago and are widely used in the clinical laboratory today for routine collection of blood. These tubes have gained widespread acceptance due to the advantage of the barrier gel that facilitates rapid separation of serum from cellular constituents of blood and thus reduces hemolysis. However, there are some limitations associated with gel tubes (i.e., gel stability and analyte incompatibilities). The serum separator BD SST™ tubes manufactured by BD are widely used in clinical laboratories. Recently, BD has developed a new barrier gel, which is superior to the existing gel. We studied the stability of common analytes when serum specimens were stored in the new BD SST™ II tubes by comparing the performance with the existing BD SST™ tubes. We did not observe any significant reduction in concentrations of 42 commonly ordered analytes using the new BD SST™ II tubes. Significant differences were noted at low serum volumes for estradiol in both tube types over time. We conclude that the new BD SST™ II tubes are suitable for collection of blood and storage of serum for commonly ordered laboratory tests.Clinica Chimica Acta 05/2001; · 2.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in serum has been designated the functional indicator of vitamin D (VitD) nutritional status. Unfortunately, variability among 25(OH)D assays limits clinician ability to monitor VitD status, supplementation, and toxicity. We developed an HPLC method that selectively measures 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 [25(OH)D2] and D3 [25(OH)D3] and compared this assay with a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method, a competitive protein-binding assay (CPBA) on the Nichols Advantage platform, and an RIA from Diasorin. For the new HPLC assay, between-run CVs were 2.6%-4.9% for 25(OH)D3 and 3.2%-13% for 25(OH)D2; recoveries were 95%-102%; and the assay was linear from 5 microg/L to at least 200 microg/L. Comparison data were as follows: for HPLC vs LC-MS/MS, y = 1.01x - 4.82 microg/L (Sy/x = 4.93 microg/L; r = 0.996) for 25(OH)D3, and y = 0.902x - 0.566 microg/L (Sy/x = 2.56 microg/L; r = 0.9965 for 25(OH)D2; for HPLC vs Diasorin RIA, y = 0.709x - 5.86 microg/L (Sy/x = 7.35 microg/L; r = 0.7509); and for HPLC vs Nichols Advantage CPBA, y = 1.00x - 3.60 microg/L (Sy/x = 32.7 microg/L; r = 0.6823). The new HPLC method is reliable, robust, and has advantages compared with the Nichols Advantage CPBA and the Diasorin RIA. The Nichols Advantage CPBA overestimated or underestimated 25(OH)D concentrations predicated on the prevailing metabolite present in patients' sera.Clinical Chemistry 07/2006; 52(6):1120-6. · 7.15 Impact Factor