Pulmonary Embolism with Myomatous Erythrocytosis Syndrome and Extreme Obesity

Cardiovascular Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, 173-8610 Tokyo, Japan.
The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon (Impact Factor: 0.98). 09/2009; 57(5):313-4. DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1038880
Source: PubMed


We here report a case of a 53-year-old woman requiring pulmonary embolectomy for acute massive pulmonary embolism caused by a huge uterine myoma compressing veins in the pelvis and extreme obesity. She was also diagnosed as having myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome, a rare disease associated with secondary polycythemia. The polycythemia improved after a hysterectomy which was performed after pulmonary embolectomy.

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Management of emergency care Background: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and subsequent pulmonary embolism (PE) caused by pelvic vein compression are rare and life-threatening complications of leiomyoma of the uterus. Case Report: We report a 42-year-old virgin woman with a history of leiomyoma who presented to the emergency department with complaints of dyspnea and pleuritic chest pain with transient spotting. On physical examination, she had a non-tender abdomen with a 20-week size uterus. Imaging investigations revealed an acute DVT in her left leg and a huge uterine-derived mass compressing the common iliac veins. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) demonstrated an echogenic mass in her right pulmonary artery consistent with thrombosis. The patient was completely cured using thrombolytic therapy and myomectomy, and was well at 1 year after thrombolysis. Conclusions: PE caused by pelvic vein compression is a rare complication of leiomyoma, which should be considered. Thrombolytic therapy associated with myomectomy can be implemented for treating such cases, and TEE can be used for diagnosing suspected high-risk PE.
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