Suppressive effect of dexamethasone on TIMP-1 production involves murine osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cell apoptosis.
ABSTRACT High dose glucocorticoid (GC) treatment induces osteoporosis partly via increasing osteoblast apoptosis. However, the mechanism of GC-induced apoptosis has not been fully elucidated. Osteoblast-derived tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) was recently reported to be involved in bone metabolism. Our previous study demonstrated that TIMP-1 suppressed apoptosis of the mouse bone marrow stromal cell line MBA-1 (pre-osteoblast) induced by serum deprivation. Therefore, we tested the effect of the GC dexamethasone (Dex) on TIMP-1 production in murine osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells and further determined whether this action is associated with Dex-induced osteoblast apoptosis. Dex decreased TIMP-1 production in MC3T3-E1 cells, and this effect was blocked by the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) antagonists, RU486 and RU40555. Recombinant TIMP-1 protein reduced caspase-3 activation and apoptosis induced by Dex in MC3T3-E1 cells. In addition, the pro-apoptotic effect of the Dex was augmented by suppression of TIMP-1 with siRNA. Furthermore, mutant TIMP-1, which has no inhibitory effects on MMPs, yet protects MC3T3-E1 cells against Dex-induced apoptosis. Our study demonstrates that Dex suppresses TIMP-1 production in osteoblasts through GR, and this effect is associated with its induction of osteoblast apoptosis. The anti-apoptotic action of TIMP-1 is independent of its inhibitory effects on MMPs activities. The decrease in TIMP-1 production caused by Dex may contribute to the mechanisms of Dex-induced bone loss.
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ABSTRACT: Cellular pathways for induction of programmed cell death (PCD) have been identified, but little is known about specific extracellular matrix processes that may affect apoptosis along those pathways. In this study, a series of Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cell lines were assayed for their expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1. Results indicate that TIMP-1-positive BL lines show resistance to cold-shock-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, recombinant TIMP-1, but not TIMP-2 or a synthetic metalloproteinase inhibitor (BB-94), confers resistance to apoptosis induced by both CD95-dependent and -independent (cold shock, serum deprivation, and gamma-radiation) pathways in TIMP-1-negative BL lines. TIMP-1 suppression of PCD is not due to metalloproteinase inhibition, as reduction and alkylation of the TIMP-1 did not abolish this activity. Retroviral induction of TIMP-1 not only resulted in cell survival but also in continued DNA synthesis for up to 5 d in the absence of serum, while controls underwent apoptosis. This resistance to apoptosis is reversed by anti-TIMP-1 antibodies, demonstrating that secreted TIMP-1 is active in blocking apoptosis. Furthermore, TIMP-1 upregulation induced expression of Bcl-XL but not Bcl-2 as well as decreased NF-kappaB activity as compared with controls. These results demonstrate that TIMP-1 suppresses apoptosis in B cells and suggests a novel activity for TIMP-1 in tissue homeostasis.Journal of Clinical Investigation 01/1999; 102(11):2002-10. · 12.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To determine the predictive value of serum levels of TIMP-1 and hyaluronic acid in a 1 year prospective study in hip osteoarthritis (OA). Twenty-nine patients with OA of the hip were enrolled in a 1-year prospective study (median follow-up, 13 months). Biochemical analysis was used to assess TIMP-1 and hyaluronic acid at entry and at the end of the study. Radiographic evaluation with an assisted computed program was performed to calculate progression of joint space narrowing. Statistical tests served to determine correlations between observed serum levels and radiograph joint space narrowing. Among the 29 patients, 10 showed joint space narrowing greater than 0.6 mm per year. The initial concentration of TIMP-1 as well as delta value of variation in serum levels of TIMP-1 (difference between TIMP-1 concentration at entry and at the end) correlated with the progression of joint space narrowing. A cut-off value of 600 ng/ml of TIMP-1 allowed the patients who progressed slowly from those who progressed more rapidly. Hyaluronic acid serum level was not predictive of evolution. TIMP-1 serum level may serve to predict the evolution of patients with hip OA.Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 06/2001; 9(4):300-7. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We investigated the action of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) on apoptosis and differentiation of mouse bone marrow stromal cell line MBA-1. TIMP-1 did not affect alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, suggesting that it is not involved in osteoblastic differentiation in MBA-1 cells. However, TIMP-1 inhibited MBA-1 apoptosis induced by serum deprivation in a dose-dependent manner. Our study also showed increased Bcl-2 protein expression and decreased Bax protein expression with TIMP-1 treatment. TIMP-1 decreased cytochrome c release and caspase-3 activation in MBA-1 cells. TIMP-1 activated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and the PI3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 or the JNK inhibitor SP600125 abolished its antiapoptotic activity. To investigate whether antiapoptotic action of TIMP-1 was mediated through its inhibition on MMP activities, we constructed mutant TIMP-1 by side-directed mutagenesis, which abolished the inhibitory activity of MMPs by deletion of Cys1 to Ala4. Wild-type TIMP-1 and mutant TIMP-1 expression plasmids were transfected in MBA-1 cells, and results showed that mutant TIMP-1 still protected the induced MBA-1 cell against apoptosis. These data suggest that TIMP-1 antiapoptotic actions are mediated via the PI3-kinase and JNK signaling pathways and independent of TIMP-1 inhibition of MMP activities.Calcified Tissue International 06/2006; 78(5):285-92. · 2.50 Impact Factor