Adsorption mechanism of selenate and selenite on the binary oxide systems.

Department of Agricultural Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.
Water Research (Impact Factor: 5.32). 08/2009; 43(17):4412-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2009.06.056
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Removal of selenium oxyanions by the binary oxide systems, Al- or Fe-oxides mixed with X-ray noncrystalline SiO(2), was previously not well understood. This study evaluates the adsorption capacity and kinetics of selenium oxyanions by different metal hydroxides onto SiO(2), and uses X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) to assess the interaction between selenium oxyanions and the sorbents at pH 5.0. The binary oxide systems of Al(III)- or Fe(III)-oxides mixed with SiO(2) were prepared, and were characterized for their surface area, point of zero charge (PZC), pH envelopes, X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), and then macro-scale adsorption isotherm and kinetics of selenite and selenate, micro-scale adsorption XAS. The adsorption capacity of selenite and selenate on Al(III)/SiO(2) is greater than on Fe(III)/SiO(2). Adsorption isothermal and kinetic data of selenium can be well fitted to the Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetic models. Based on simple geometrical constraints, selenite on both the binary oxide systems forms bidentate inner-sphere surface complexes, and selenate on Fe(III)/SiO(2) forms stronger complexes than on Al(III)/SiO(2).

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