Article

Disparities in Stroke Rehabilitation: Results of a Study in an Integrated Health System in Northern California

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Napa Solano Service Area, and Research and Training, Kaiser Foundation Rehabilitation Center, Vallejo, CA 94589, USA.
PM&R (Impact Factor: 1.66). 02/2009; 1(1):29-40. DOI: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2008.10.012
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To determine whether there are disparities in postacute stroke rehabilitation based on type of stroke, race/ethnicity, sex/gender, age, socioeconomic status, geographic region, or service area referral patterns in a large integrated health system with multiple levels of care.
Cohort study tracking rehabilitation services for 365 days after acute hospitalization for a first stroke.
The Northern California Kaiser Permanente Health System (approximately 3.3 million membership population)
A total of 11,119 patients hospitalized for acute stroke from 1996 to 2003. The cohort includes patients discharged from acute care after a stroke. Postacute care rehabilitation services were evaluated according to the level of care ever-received within the 365 days after discharge from acute care, including inpatient rehabilitation hospital (IRH), skilled nursing facility (SNF), home health and outpatient, or no rehabilitation services.
Not applicable.
Service delivery.
Patients discharged to an IRH had longer lengths of stay in acute care. Patients with hemorrhagic stroke were less likely to be treated in an IRH. Patients whose highest level of rehabilitation was SNF were older and more likely to be women. After adjusting for age and other covariates, women were less likely to go to an IRH than men. Asian and black patients were more likely than white patients to be treated in an IRH or SNF. Also more likely to go to an IRH were patients from higher socioeconomic groups, from urban areas, and from geographic areas close to the regional rehabilitation hospital.
These results suggest variation in care delivery and extent of postacute care based on differences in patient demographics and geographic factors. Results also varied over time. Some minority populations in this cohort appeared to be more likely to receive IRH care, possibly because of disease severity, family support systems, cultural factors, or differences in referral patterns.

0 Followers
 · 
174 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to assess the main characteristics of acute and post-acute care for transient ischemic attack (TIA) and stroke, based on the French national hospitalization databases and their evolutions from 2007 through 2009. Hospitalizations with a main diagnosis of stroke were first selected in the 2007, 2008 and 2009 French hospital discharge databases (PMSI-MCO). They were then linked in the corresponding national databases of post-acute hospitalization records (PA), through the common anonymous patient number used in every hospitalization database. In France, 138,601 acute hospitalizations were registered in 2009, 31,674 TIA and 106,927 strokes, of which 91% were in public hospitals. The mean length of stay was 6.4 days for TIA and 12.7 days for stroke. Stroke hospitalization in stroke unit increased from 9.7% in 2007 to 25.9% in 2009 and acute care in hospital having a stroke unit, from 22.9% to 47.4%. A third of stroke patients hospitalized in acute care in 2009 (and not deceased), were linked in the post-acute-care database: 10.4% were in rehabilitations facilities (RF) and 23.4%, in post-acute nursing facilities (PAN), versus respectively 7.5% and 24% in 2007. French national hospitalization databases are exhaustive (acute care) or quasi-exhaustive (post-acute care) and can be linked with a good reliability. However, their validity depends on coding accuracy. In this respect, stroke unit hospitalization might be underreported. The French national hospital databases showed consistent improvements in stroke care in recent years. At the acute phase, there was an increase in stroke care in both stroke unit and hospital with stroke unit, due to the development of stroke care in France. Furthermore, the proportion of stroke patient discharged in rehabilitation facilities increased from 7.5% to 10.4%.
    La Presse Médicale 03/2012; 41(5):491-503. · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the degree to which racial and ethnic disparities in the use of postacute rehabilitation care (PARC) are explained by observed characteristics. State inpatient databases (SIDs) for 2005 and 2006 from four diverse states were used to identify patients with stays for joint replacement, stroke, or hip fracture. Our primary outcomes were use of institutional PARC (versus discharge home) and, conditional on discharge to an institution, skilled nursing facility (versus inpatient rehabilitation facility) care. We modified the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition method to account for the dichotomous outcome and multilevel nature of the data. Discharges from the four SIDs were included if the principal diagnosis (stroke, hip fracture) or procedure (joint replacement) was in the sample inclusion criteria. Observed characteristics explained roughly half of the unadjusted differences in use of institutional PARC. Patient-level factors (clinical, age) were more explanatory of disparities in institutional PARC use, while hospital-level factors were more explanatory of skilled nursing facility versus inpatient rehabilitation facility care. Adjustment for characteristics influencing PARC use both mitigated and exacerbated racial/ethnic disparities in use. The degree to which the characteristics explained the disparity varied across conditions and outcomes.
    Health Services Research 12/2011; 47(3 Pt 1):1158-78. DOI:10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01363.x · 2.49 Impact Factor
  • Methods in cell biology 01/1995; 47:289-297. DOI:10.1016/S0091-679X(08)60822-5 · 1.44 Impact Factor