Markers of B-lymphocyte activation are elevated in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis and correlated with disease activity in the ESPOIR cohort
ABSTRACT Little is known about systemic B-cell activation in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We therefore evaluated the serum levels of markers of B-cell activation in patients included in the ESPOIR early arthritis cohort.
In the ESPOIR early arthritis cohort (at least 2 swollen joints for more than 6 weeks but less than 6 months), 710 patients were assessed at 1 year and either met the 1987 American College of Rheumatology criteria for RA (n = 578) or had undifferentiated arthritis (n = 132). Baseline serum samples of patients naïve to corticosteroid and disease-modifying antirheumatic drug treatment were assessed for beta2-microglobulin, IgG, IgA, IgM, immunoglobulin free light chains of immunoglobulins, and B-cell activating factor of the tumor necrosis factor family (BAFF). The BAFF gene 871T>C polymorphism was genotyped in all patients.
All markers of B-cell activation except BAFF and IgM were significantly higher in patients with early RA than those with undifferentiated arthritis. Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) and beta2-microglobulin were associated with a diagnosis of early RA in the multivariate analysis. Markers of B-cell activation, except BAFF, were associated with disease activity, rheumatoid factor and anti-CCP secretion. The BAFF gene polymorphism was not associated with early RA.
Markers of B-cell activation are elevated in patients with early RA, compared with undifferentiated arthritis, independently of any systemic increase in BAFF secretion, and correlate with disease activity. This study sheds new light on the early pathogenic role of B-lymphocytes in RA and suggests that targeting them might be a useful therapeutic strategy in early RA.
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ABSTRACT: The therapeutic benefit of depleting B cells in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has refocused attention on B cells with increasing awareness on their role in autoimmunity and their function beyond autoantibody production. The rapid increase in our comprehension of B-cell pathobiology is progressively opening novel perspectives in the area of B cell-targeted therapies with the expectation to define more specific approaches able to preserve the homeostasis of the humoral response while disrupting the pathogenic components. In parallel, B-cell activity in RA is starting to be explored in its clinical value, in search of novel biomarkers embedded in the pathogenic process that could help classifying the disease and predicting its heterogeneous outcome beyond inflammation dynamics. In this review, we summarize current knowledge on the multiple roles that B cells play in several aspects of RA. We also analyze their distribution and potential function in different anatomic compartments with specific reference to the main sites in which the disease may be sustained and exert its detrimental effects: the systemic circulation, synovium, bone marrow, and draining lymph nodes. We also highlight novel data encouraging further research in the field of biomarkers related to B cells and their regulatory factors.04/2014; 2014:1-14. DOI:10.1155/2014/681678
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Background; Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology characterized histologically by the observation of non-caseating granulomas and several immunological abnormalities. Sarcoidosis is a multi-organ disorder which involves formation of granulomas in many tissues including the lungs (pulmonary) and others such as skin, bone, heart (extra pulmonary). Associations between human leukocyte antigens (HLA), the encoded cell surface receptor (HLA-DR) and sarcoidosis have been reported in several studies. Several HLA-DR alleles have been described as potential risk factors for sarcoidosis in distinct ethnic groups however evidence for a relationship between HLA-DR alleles and pulmonary and extra-pulmonary sarcoidosis (EPS) is still scarce. Although the etiology of the disease remains unclear, infectious and environmental factors have been postulated. Inflammatory cytokines and chemokines may play important roles in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis and serum free light chain (FLC) numbers have been implicated in several immunologic disorders. Purpose of the study; The aim of the present study was to investigate HLA associations with serum cytokines and FLC in Iranian patients with pulmonary (n= 86) and EPS (n=46). Results; We found that among the 16 HLA DRB alleles only *7 and *12 were different in sarcoidosis patients. The levels of TNF- and IL-8 in pulmonary sarcoidosis patients were higher than in EPS (P<0.05) whereas the levels of FLC subunits in EPS were higher than in pulmonary sarcoidosis. Conclusion; This data may suggests a link between HLA-DRB *12 and sarcoidosis in Iranian population.Journal of Inflammation 03/2015; DOI:10.1186/s12950-015-0066-3 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Immunoglobulin free light chains (FLC) represent biomarkers of B cell activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and are associated with all-cause mortality in the general population. Our objective was to evaluate the relationships of serum FLC to preclinical disease, RA characteristics, and mortality in RA compared to non-RA subjects. A population-based study in Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA, was performed by crosslinking a large cohort in the general population having available serum FLC measurements with established RA incidence and prevalence cohorts. Serum κ, λ, and total FLC and their trends relative to RA incidence were compared between RA and non-RA subjects. Regression models were used to determine the associations between FLC, disease characteristics, and mortality, testing for differential effects of FLC on mortality in RA. Among 16,609 subjects, 270 fulfilled the criteria for RA at the time of FLC measurement. Mean total FLC were significantly higher in RA compared to non-RA subjects (4.2 vs 3.3 mg/dl, p < 0.001). FLC became elevated 3-5 years before the clinical onset of RA and remained elevated during followup. Polyclonal FLC were found to predict higher mortality in persons with RA, though elevation to the highest decile had a relatively lower effect on mortality in RA compared to non-RA subjects. Elevation of serum FLC precedes the development of RA and may be useful in monitoring B cell activity and disease progression. FLC are associated with mortality among patients with RA as well as the general population.The Journal of Rheumatology 01/2015; 42(2). DOI:10.3899/jrheum.140543 · 3.17 Impact Factor