Article

Modulation of microRNA processing by p53.

Department of Molecular Pathology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.
Nature (Impact Factor: 42.35). 08/2009; 460(7254):529-33. DOI: 10.1038/nature08199
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as key post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, involved in diverse physiological and pathological processes. Although miRNAs can function as both tumour suppressors and oncogenes in tumour development, a widespread downregulation of miRNAs is commonly observed in human cancers and promotes cellular transformation and tumorigenesis. This indicates an inherent significance of small RNAs in tumour suppression. However, the connection between tumour suppressor networks and miRNA biogenesis machineries has not been investigated in depth. Here we show that a central tumour suppressor, p53, enhances the post-transcriptional maturation of several miRNAs with growth-suppressive function, including miR-16-1, miR-143 and miR-145, in response to DNA damage. In HCT116 cells and human diploid fibroblasts, p53 interacts with the Drosha processing complex through the association with DEAD-box RNA helicase p68 (also known as DDX5) and facilitates the processing of primary miRNAs to precursor miRNAs. We also found that transcriptionally inactive p53 mutants interfere with a functional assembly between Drosha complex and p68, leading to attenuation of miRNA processing activity. These findings suggest that transcription-independent modulation of miRNA biogenesis is intrinsically embedded in a tumour suppressive program governed by p53. Our study reveals a previously unrecognized function of p53 in miRNA processing, which may underlie key aspects of cancer biology.

2 Followers
 · 
282 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although our previous studies have provided evidence that oxidative stress has an essential role in total parenteral nutrition (TPN)-associated liver injury, the mechanisms involved are incompletely understood. Here, we show the existence of crosstalk between the miR-200 family of microRNAs and oxidative stress. The members of the miR-200 family are markedly enhanced in hepatic cells by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) treatment. The upregulation of miR-200-3p in turn modulates the H2O2-mediated oxidative stress response by targeting p38α. The enhanced expression of miR-200-3p mimics p38α deficiency and promotes H2O2-induced cell death. Members of the miR-200 family that are known to inhibit the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) are induced by the tumour suppressor p53. Here, we show that p53 phosphorylation at Ser 33 contributes to H2O2-induced miR-200s transcription. In addition, we show that p38α can directly phosphorylate p53 at serine 33 upon H2O2 exposure. Thus, we suggest that in liver cells, the oxidative stress-induced, p38α-mediated phosphorylation of p53 at Ser33 is essential for the functional regulation of oxidative stress-induced miR-200 transcription by p53. Collectively, our data indicate that the p53-dependent expression of miR-200a-3p promotes cell death by inhibiting a p38/p53/miR-200 feedback loop.
    Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) 03/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384101.2015.1026491 · 5.01 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Specific types of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) cause cervical cancer. Cervical cancers exhibit aberrant cellular microRNA (miRNA) expression patterns. By genome-wide analyses, we investigate whether the intracellular and exosomal miRNA compositions of HPV-positive cancer cells are dependent on endogenous E6/E7 oncogene expression. Deep sequencing studies combined with qRT-PCR analyses show that E6/E7 silencing significantly affects ten of the 52 most abundant intracellular miRNAs in HPV18-positive HeLa cells, downregulating miR-17-5p, miR-186-5p, miR-378a-3p, miR-378f, miR-629-5p and miR-7-5p, and upregulating miR-143-3p, miR-23a-3p, miR-23b-3p and miR-27b-3p. The effects of E6/E7 silencing on miRNA levels are mainly not dependent on p53 and similarly observed in HPV16-positive SiHa cells. The E6/E7-regulated miRNAs are enriched for species involved in the control of cell proliferation, senescence and apoptosis, suggesting that they contribute to the growth of HPV-positive cancer cells. Consistently, we show that sustained E6/E7 expression is required to maintain the intracellular levels of members of the miR-17~92 cluster, which reduce expression of the anti-proliferative p21 gene in HPV-positive cancer cells. In exosomes secreted by HeLa cells, a distinct seven-miRNA-signature was identified among the most abundant miRNAs, with significant downregulation of let-7d-5p, miR-20a-5p, miR-378a-3p, miR-423-3p, miR-7-5p, miR-92a-3p and upregulation of miR-21-5p, upon E6/E7 silencing. Several of the E6/E7-dependent exosomal miRNAs have also been linked to the control of cell proliferation and apoptosis. This study represents the first global analysis of intracellular and exosomal miRNAs and shows that viral oncogene expression affects the abundance of multiple miRNAs likely contributing to the E6/E7-dependent growth of HPV-positive cancer cells.
    PLoS Pathogens 03/2015; 11(3):e1004712. DOI:10.1371/journal.ppat.1004712 · 8.06 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Restoration of the antitumor activity of p53 could offer a promising approach for the treatment of neuroblastoma. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important mediators of p53 activity, but their role in the p53 response has not yet been comprehensively addressed in neuroblastoma. Therefore, we set out to characterize alterations in miRNA expression that are induced by p53 activation in neuroblastoma cells. Genome-wide miRNA expression analysis showed that miR-34a-5p, miR-182-5p, miR-203a, miR-222-3p, and miR-432-5p are upregulated following nutlin-3 treatment in a p53 dependent manner. The function of miR-182-5p, miR-203a, miR-222-3p, and miR-432-5p was analyzed by ectopic overexpression of miRNA mimics. We observed that these p53-regulated miRNAs inhibit the proliferation of neuroblastoma cells to varying degrees, with the most profound growth inhibition recorded for miR-182-5p. Overexpression of miR-182-5p promoted apoptosis in some neuroblastoma cell lines and induced neuronal differentiation of NGP cells. Using Chromatin Immunoprecipitation-qPCR (ChIP-qPCR), we did not observe direct binding of p53 to MIR182, MIR203, MIR222, and MIR432 in neuroblastoma cells. Taken together, our findings yield new insights in the network of p53-regulated miRNAs in neuroblastoma.
    Scientific Reports 03/2015; 5:9027. DOI:10.1038/srep09027 · 5.08 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
50 Downloads
Available from
Aug 7, 2014