First-line antituberculosis drug resistance prevalence and its pattern among HIV-infected patients in the national referral tuberculosis centre, Iran.

Mycobacteriology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
International Journal of STD & AIDS (Impact Factor: 1). 09/2009; 20(8):566-70. DOI: 10.1258/ijsa.2008.008379
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to determine the drug resistance prevalence and its pattern among tuberculosis (TB)-HIV patients in Iran. In this retrospective study, all admitted TB/HIV patients presenting to our tertiary centre during 2005-2007 were considered. After confirmation for TB-HIV, first-line DST was performed for culture-positive patients. The drug resistance patterns and the treatment outcomes were analysed. Of the total 92 TB/HIV patients, 27 were culture negative, and DST were available in 65. Intravenous drug abuse was seen in 59 (90.8%). Thirty-seven (57%) were 'sensitive' cases and 28 (43%) were 'any drug resistance' cases. Twenty-one (32.3%) were mono-drug, three (4.6%) poly-drug and four (6.1%) were multidrug-resistant TB patients. Previous anti-TB medication was significantly associated with any drug resistance (P = 0.041; 95% confidence interval =0.086-0.984); however, having any drug resistance did not affect the treatment outcome (P = 0.56). Streptomycin showed the highest resistance rate (27%) followed by isoniazid (20%), pyrazinamide (9.8%), rifampin (9.2%) and ethambutol (3%). Drug resistance to antitubercular agents in TB-HIV co-infected patients in Iran is high compared with other reports. Drug resistance is higher among those who have had prior anti-TB medication.

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    ABSTRACT: To determine the drug resistance pattern to first line antituberculous drugs in National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease and to compare resistant rates with previous studies. An anterograde cross-sectional study was performed. The study includes all adults with documented pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) that were hospitalized in National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease in Tehran, from June 2003 to September 2004. Demographic characteristic, TB categories, and drug susceptibility test results were recorded. Two previous studies regarding drug susceptibility in Iran were selected as historical controls. One hundred and ninety-six new cases and 68 previously treated patients were enrolled in the study. The strains of 61% of new patients and 21% of previously treated patients were fully sensitive to all drugs. The most common resistance was streptomycin (27%) followed by isoniazid (23%) in new cases. Multiple drug resistant strains were noted in 2.6% (95% CI 0.8% to 5.8%) of new cases versus 56% (95% CI 43% to 68%) in previously treated group. The frequency of primary drug resistance to isoniazid was 9.8%-15% or streptomycin 9.8%-13% in the previous studies (p<0.00001). While these rates may not reflect the true prevalence of drug resistance on a national scale, it does partially demonstrate some defects in the existing tuberculosis control program. The significant increase of isoniazid and streptomycin resistance in the last few years would present a serious challenge to effective management of TB.
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May 28, 2014