Synthesis and applications of Rhodamine derivatives as fluorescent probes.

Centro de Química-Física Molecular and IN-Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Instituto Superior Técnico, 1049-001, Lisboa, Portugal.
Chemical Society Reviews (Impact Factor: 30.43). 09/2009; 38(8):2410-33. DOI: 10.1039/b901612k
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Rhodamine dyes are widely used as fluorescent probes owing to their high absorption coefficient and broad fluorescence in the visible region of electromagnetic spectrum, high fluorescence quantum yield and photostability. A great interest in the development of new synthetic procedures for preparation of Rhodamine derivatives has arisen in recent years because for most applications the probe must be covalently linked to another (bio)molecule or surface. In this critical review the strategies for modification of Rhodamine dyes and a discussion on the variety of applications of these new derivatives as fluorescent probes are given (108 references).

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Mariana Beija