ChemInform Abstract: Synthesis and Applications of Rhodamine Derivatives as Fluorescent Probes
ABSTRACT Rhodamine dyes are widely used as fluorescent probes owing to their high absorption coefficient and broad fluorescence in the visible region of electromagnetic spectrum, high fluorescence quantum yield and photostability. A great interest in the development of new synthetic procedures for preparation of Rhodamine derivatives has arisen in recent years because for most applications the probe must be covalently linked to another (bio)molecule or surface. In this critical review the strategies for modification of Rhodamine dyes and a discussion on the variety of applications of these new derivatives as fluorescent probes are given (108 references).
SourceAvailable from: Naveen Mergu[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A series of rhodamine derivatives L1–L3 have been prepared and characterized by IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and ESI-MS. These compounds exhibited selective and sensitive “turn-on” fluorescent and colorimetric responses to Al3+ in methanol. Upon the addition of Al(III), the spiro ring was opened and a metal-probe complex was formed in a 1:1 stoichiometry, as was further confirmed by ESI-MS spectroscopy. The chemo-dosimeters L1–L3 exhibited good binding constants and low detection limits towards Al(III). We also successfully demonstrate the reversibility of the metal to ligand complexation (opened ring to spirolactam ring).Sensors 01/2015; 15:9097-9111. DOI:10.3390/s150409097 · 2.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A novel “turn-on” fluorescent sensor based on glucose and rhodamine B for detection of mercury ions was designed and synthesized. The fluorescent sensor showed an extreme specificity for mercury ions than for other metal ions in aqueous solution. On adding mercury ions to the solution of glucose-based rhodamine B sensor, the absorption and fluorescence signals enhanced remarkably at 567 and 587 nm, respectively. Titration of sensor with mercury ions showed 1:1 stoichiometric reaction. The cyclic voltammetric measurement of an increasing amount of mercury ions in the solution of glucose-based rhodamine B sensor commendably showed the change in the fluorescence characteristics. Furthermore, the successful detection of trace amount of mercury ions in water indicated that glucose-based rhodamine B sensor can be used for the detection of the limited mercury ions in drinking water.Spectroscopy Letters 09/2015; 48(8). DOI:10.1080/00387010.2014.933354 · 0.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report the fabrication of a novel easily available turn-on fluorescent water-soluble polymeric chemosensor for Hg(2+) ions that was simply prepared by micellar free radical polymerization of a water-insoluble organic rhodamine-based Hg(2+) -recognizing monomer (GR6GH), with hydrophilic monomers acrylamide (AM) and acrylic acid (AA). The chemical structure of the polymeric sensor was characterized by FT-IR and (1) H NMR spectroscopy. The apparent viscosity average molecular weight Mη of poly(acrylamide-acrylic acid) [poly(AM-NaAA)] and the water-soluble polymeric chemosensor poly(AM-NaAA-GR6GH) were 1.76 × 10(6) and 6.84 × 10(4) g/mol, respectively. Because of its amphiphilic property, the water-soluble polymeric chemosensor can be used as a chemosensor in aqueous media. Upon addition of Hg(2+) ions to an aqueous solution of poly(AM-NaAA-GR6GH), fluorescence enhancements were observed instantly. Moreover, other metal ions did not induce obvious changes to the fluorescence spectra. This approach may provide an easily measurable and inherently sensitive method for Hg(2+) ion detection in environmental and biological applications. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.Luminescence 03/2015; DOI:10.1002/bio.2890 · 1.68 Impact Factor