Article

Effects of hypoxia on blood pressure regulation: interval hypoxic training as compared to obstructive sleep apnea - the other side of the coin?

Journal of Hypertension (Impact Factor: 4.22). 09/2009; 27(8):1527-32. DOI: 10.1097/HJH.0b013e3283300d6d
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) is reduced during snoring in humans and animal models. We utilised our rabbit model to examine the contribution of increased upper airway resistance to baroreflex resetting during snoring, by comparing BRS and baroreflex operating point (OP) values during IS to those obtained during tracheostomised breathing through an external resistive load (RL) titrated to match IS levels of peak inspiratory pleural pressure (Ppl). During both IS and RL, BRS decreased by 45% and 49% .There was a linear relationship between the change in Ppl and the decrease in BRS, which was similar for IS and RL. During both RL and IS, there was a shift in OP driven by ∼16% increase in HR and no change in arterial pressure. Snoring related depression of BRS is likely mediated via a HR driven change in OP, which itself may be the outcome of negative intra-thoracic pressure mediated effects on right atrial wall stretch reflex control of heart rate.
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May 16, 2014