Expression of the TRPM8-immunoreactivity in dorsal root ganglion neurons innervating the rat urinary bladder.
ABSTRACT The neurochemical phenotypes of the transient receptor potential melastatin-8 (TRPM8)-immunoreactive afferent neurons innervating the rat urinary bladder were examined by using a highly sensitive tyramide signal amplification method, combined with wheat-germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) retrograde tracing. TRPM8-immunoreactivity was detected in a small proportion of the WGA-HRP-labeled bladder afferent neurons in the dorsal root ganglia of the Th13-L1 (1.14%) and the L6-S1 (1.27%), and these neurons were small in size (<600 microm(2)). The 82.6+/-3.8% of the TRPM8-immunoreactive bladder afferent neurons and 80.9+/-1.5% of the total population of the TRPM8-immunoreactive afferent neurons in the observed dorsal root ganglia expressed NF200. On the other hand, the proportions of the co-expression of TRPM8 and nociceptive markers such as calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1), and isolectin B4 (IB4) in the bladder afferent neurons (81.5+/-5.2% for CGRP, 36.1+/-4.0% for TRPV1, and 15.8+/-5.5% for IB4) were higher in comparison to those in the total population of the TRPM8-immunoreactive afferent neurons (21.9+/-2.4% for CGRP, 16.6+/-1.7% for TRPV1, and 5.4+/-0.5% for IB4), although no significant difference existed for IB4. Our results suggest that the TRPM8-expressing bladder afferents should be classified as Adelta-fibers and C-fibers, while some of these afferents may be involved in nociceptive sensations.
Article: Function of the Cold Receptor (TRPM8) Associated with Voiding Dysfunction in Bladder Outlet Obstruction in Rats.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) causes storage and voiding dysfunction in the lower urinary tract. We investigated the expression of transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 8 (TRPM8) to evaluate the relationship between TRPM8 expression and overactive bladder (OAB) in a rat model of BOO. Fifty female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups; normal (n=10), normal-menthol (n=10), BOO (n=15), BOO-menthol (n=15). After 3 weeks, cystometry was performed by infusing physiological saline and menthol (3 mM) into the bladder at a slow infusion rate. The histological changes and expression of TRPM8 in the bladder were investigated by Masson's trichrome staining, immunofluorescence and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Cystometry showed that the intercontraction interval (ICI; 428.2±23.4 vs. 880.4±51.2, P<0.001), micturition pressure (MP; 25.7±1.01 vs. 71.80±3.01, P<0.001), and threshold pressure (2.9±0.25 vs. 9.2±1.58, P<0.01) were significantly increased in BOO rats. The bladder wall was significantly dilated compared with the control. Detrusor muscle hypertrophy and a thick mucosa layer were observed in BOO bladder. After menthol treatment, ICIs were decreased and MPs were increased in the menthol treatment groups. TRPM8-positive cells and mRNA were predominantly increased in the bladder and dorsal root ganglia of all groups compared with the normal group. Increased bladder wall thickness and proportion of collagen probably affect voiding dysfunction. Furthermore, an increase of TRPM8 expression in BOO may induce entry of Ca(2+) from the extracellular space or stores. The increase of Ca(2+) probably causes contraction of smooth muscle in BOO. However, OAB symptoms were not observed after menthol treatment although the expression of TRPM8 was abundant in the bladder epithelium after menthol treatment. Although OAB in BOO models may be caused by complex pathways, regulation of TRPM8 presents possibilities for OAB treatment.International neurourology journal 06/2012; 16(2):69-76.
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ABSTRACT: The expression of multiple ion channels and receptors is essential for nociceptors to detect noxious stimuli of a thermal, mechanical or chemical nature. The peripheral sensory transduction systems of the urinary bladder include sensory nerve endings, urothelial cells and others whose location is suitable for transducing mechanical and chemical stimuli. There is an increasing body of evidence implicating the Deg/ENaC and TRP channel families in the control of bladder afferent excitability under physiological and pathological conditions. Pharmacological interventions targeting these ion channels may provide a new strategy for the treatment of pathological bladder sensation and pain.Pharmaceuticals. 01/2010;
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ABSTRACT: Transient receptor potential ion channel melastatin subtype 8 (TRPM8) is activated by cold temperatures and cooling agents, such as menthol and icilin. Compounds containing peppermint are reported to reduce symptoms of bowel hypersensitivity; however, the underlying mechanisms of action are unclear. Here we determined the role of TRPM8 in colonic sensory pathways. Laser capture microdissection, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunofluorescence, and retrograde tracing were used to localise TRPM8 to colonic primary afferent neurons. In vitro extracellular single-fibre afferent recordings were used to determine the effect of TRPM8 channel activation on the chemosensory and mechanosensory function of colonic high-threshold afferent fibres. TRPM8 mRNA was present in colonic DRG neurons, whereas TRPM8 protein was present on nerve fibres throughout the wall of the colon. A subpopulation (24%, n=58) of splanchnic serosal and mesenteric afferents tested responded directly to icilin (5 μmol/L). Subsequently, icilin significantly desensitised afferents to mechanical stimulation (P<.0001; n=37). Of the splanchnic afferents responding to icilin, 21 (33%) also responded directly to the TRPV1 agonist capsaicin (3 μmol/L), and icilin reduced the direct chemosensory response to capsaicin. Icilin also prevented mechanosensory desensitization and sensitization induced by capsaicin and the TRPA1 agonist AITC (40 μmol/L), respectively. TRPM8 is present on a select population of colonic high threshold sensory neurons, which may also co-express TRPV1. TRPM8 couples to TRPV1 and TRPA1 to inhibit their downstream chemosensory and mechanosensory actions.Pain 07/2011; 152(7):1459-68. · 5.78 Impact Factor