Phenotypic diversity associated with the mitochondrial m.8313G>A point mutation.
ABSTRACT We report the clinical, histochemical, and molecular genetic findings in a patient with progressive mitochondrial cytopathy due to the m.8313G>A point mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA(Lys) (MTTK) gene. The clinical features in this case are severe, including short stature, myopathy, peripheral neuropathy, and osteoporosis, while extensive analysis of maternal relatives indicate that the mutation has arisen de novo and was not maternally inherited. This report of a second case, together with single muscle fiber mutation analysis that shows clear segregation of mutation load with cytochrome c oxidase deficiency, confirms that the mutation is pathologic.
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ABSTRACT: We describe a childhood mitochondrial disorder in which the clinical symptoms began and remained confined to the gastrointestinal (GI) system during the first 4 y. Seizures heralded the onset of progressive encephalopathy at age 7. Peripheral neuropathy, retinitis pigmentosa, and neural deafness developed subsequently. Laboratory investigations disclosed elevated levels of plasma lactate, and a muscle biopsy revealed ragged red fibers lacking cytochrome c oxidase activity and diminished levels of respiratory chain enzyme complexes. Molecular genetic tests failed to show any of the previously reported pathogenic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. We therefore screened the whole mitochondrial genome by coupling restriction digestions with single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) patterns. We identified a unique SSCP in the segment that encompassed the tRNA(Lys) gene, and direct sequencing of this segment revealed a G-->A transition at an evolutionarily conserved nucleotide at mtDNA position 8313. This G8313A transition was heteroplasmic in muscle and fibroblasts of the patient, but was absent in the white blood cells and platelets from his maternal relatives. This report illustrates how GI symptoms can be the initial manifestation in a mitochondrial disorder and suggests that mitochondrial dysfunction should be considered in differentials of unexplained chronic GI symptoms, especially when lactic acidosis or other unrelated clinical signs or symptoms are present.Pediatric Research 10/1997; 42(4):448-54. · 2.67 Impact Factor
- Journal of Neurology 10/2007; 254(9):1283-5. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this era of "the gene and the genome", communication of complex genetic information to individuals and their families is becoming an increasingly common but difficult task for the clinician. This problem is particularly evident in the rapidly evolving field of mitochondrial disease: the clinician is faced with a diversity of clinical presentations and myriad mutations with, for many, only a loose relation between genotype and phenotype. The aim of this review is to familiarise the clinician with the main clinical syndromes encountered in practice, and to provide an overview of current concepts of mitochondrial genetics, including recent advances in molecular aetiology. In addition, we have included clinical guidance on the investigation and management of patients with suspected or proven mitochondrial disease based on our own experience over the past decade.The Lancet Neurology 11/2002; 1(6):343-51. · 23.92 Impact Factor