Article

Use of visual loop-mediated isotheral amplification of rimM sequence for rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis.

College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China.
Journal of microbiological methods (Impact Factor: 2.43). 08/2009; 78(3):339-43. DOI: 10.1016/j.mimet.2009.07.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis are pathogenic bacterial species in the genus Mycobacterium and the causative agents of most cases of tuberculosis (TB). Detection of M. tuberculosis and M. bovis using conventional culture- and biochemical-based assays is time-consuming and laborious. Therefore, a simple and sensitive method for rapid detection has been anxiously awaited. In the present study, a visual loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was designed from the rimM (encoding 16S rRNA-processing protein) gene sequence and used to rapidly detect M. tuberculosis and M. bovis from clinical samples in South China. The visual LAMP reaction was performed by adding calcein and manganous ion, allowing the results to be read by simple visual observation of color change in a closed-tube system, and which takes less than 1 h at 65 degrees C. The assay correctly identified 84 M. tuberculosis isolates, 3 M. bovis strains and 1 M. bovis BCG samples, but did not detect 51 non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) isolates and 8 other bacterial species. Sensitivity of this assay for detection of genomic DNA was 1 pg. Specific amplification was confirmed by the ladder-like pattern of gel electrophoresis and restriction enzyme HhaI digestion. The assay successfully detected M. tuberculosis and M. bovis not only in pure bacterial culture but also in clinical samples of sputum, pleural fluid and blood. The speed, specificity, sensitivity of the rimM LAMP, the lack of a need for expensive equipment, and the visual readout show great potential for clinical detection of M. tuberculosis and M. bovis.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
108 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is a common human disease that is prevalent in resource-deprived areas of the world. Current detection techniques for TB require expensive conventional instruments in a laboratory setting, preventing accessible and low cost diagnosis of the disease. Using a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay, we have amplified and detected TB in a 6 × 8 semisolid polyacrylamide gel post array using an inexpensive prototype instrument. Each post contains 670 nL of volume, minimizing the need for large quantities of reagents. Amplified DNA is detected via fluorescence of the dye LCGreen Plus+, which is polymerized into the gel along with other reagents. The prototype device contains a Peltier element for heating, a diode laser as an excitation source, and a CCD camera for detecting fluorescence in real-time. About 12 Mycobacterium tuberculosis genomes per gel post can be detected within 75 min of amplification. This sensitivity is similar to that obtained by conventional methods using a commercial thermocycler. We achieved comparable LAMP amplification when the template is added externally or when the template is polymerized in the gel. This rapid isothermal amplification technology, with its simple thermal requirements, has the potential to be integrated into micro-devices and serves as a model for implementing future low-cost point of care diagnostics.
    Microfluidics and Nanofluidics 14(3-4). · 3.22 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mycobacterium bovis, a member of the M. tuberculosis complex (MTC), is the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis. Detection of M. bovis and M. tuberculosis using conventional culture- and biochemical-based assays is time-consuming. Therefore, a simple and sensitive molecular assay for rapid detection would be of great help in specific situations such as faster diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) infection in the abattoirs. We developed a novel multiplex real-time PCR assay which was applied directly to biological samples with evidence of bTB and it was allowed to differentiate between M. bovis and M. tuberculosis. The primers and TaqMan probes were designed to target the IS1081 gene, the multi-copy insertion element in the MTC and the 12.7-kb fragment which presents in M. tuberculosis, not in the M. bovis genome. The assay was optimized and validated by testing 10 species of mycobacteria including M. bovis and M. tuberculosis, and 10 other bacterial species such as Escherichia coli, and cattle lymph nodes (n=113). The tests identified 96.4% (27/28) as M. bovis from the MTC-positive bTB samples using conventional PCR for specific insertion elements IS1081. And MTC-negative bTB samples (n=85) were tested using conventional PCR and the real-time PCR. When comparative analyses were conducted on all bovine samples, using conventional PCR as the gold standard, the relative accuracy of real-time PCR was 99.1%, the relative specificity was 100%, and the agreement quotient (kappa) was 0.976. The detection limits of the real-time PCR assays for M. bovis and M. tuberculosis genomic DNA were 10 fg and 0.1 pg per PCR reaction, respectively. Consequently, this multiplex real-time PCR assay is a useful diagnotic tool for the identification of MTC and differentiation of M. bovis and M. tuberculosis, as well as the epidemiologic surveillance of animals slaughtered in abattoir.
    Korean Journal of Veterinary Service. 01/2011; 34(4).
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mycobacterium (M.) bovis, a member of the M. tuberculosis complex (MTC), is a re-emerging, zoonotic agent of bovine tuberculosis whose prevalence probably depends on variations in direct exposure to cattle and ingestion of raw milk. Accurate species differentiation of M. bovis and M. tuberculosis is needed to distinguish between human and zoonotic tuberculosis. This study successfully developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid detection and differentiation of M. bovis and M. tuberculosis, however showed negative reactions in eight non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) samples and ten other bacterial species. Sensitivity of this assay for detection of genomic M. bovis DNA was 10 . And this assay successfully detected M. bovis in bovine clinical specimens. In conclusion, the LAMP assay is a simple and powerful tool for rapid detection of M. bovis in both pure bacterial culture and in clinical samples.
    Korean Journal of Veterinary Service. 01/2013; 36(2).