Use of visual loop-mediated isotheral amplification of rimM sequence for rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis.
ABSTRACT Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis are pathogenic bacterial species in the genus Mycobacterium and the causative agents of most cases of tuberculosis (TB). Detection of M. tuberculosis and M. bovis using conventional culture- and biochemical-based assays is time-consuming and laborious. Therefore, a simple and sensitive method for rapid detection has been anxiously awaited. In the present study, a visual loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was designed from the rimM (encoding 16S rRNA-processing protein) gene sequence and used to rapidly detect M. tuberculosis and M. bovis from clinical samples in South China. The visual LAMP reaction was performed by adding calcein and manganous ion, allowing the results to be read by simple visual observation of color change in a closed-tube system, and which takes less than 1 h at 65 degrees C. The assay correctly identified 84 M. tuberculosis isolates, 3 M. bovis strains and 1 M. bovis BCG samples, but did not detect 51 non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) isolates and 8 other bacterial species. Sensitivity of this assay for detection of genomic DNA was 1 pg. Specific amplification was confirmed by the ladder-like pattern of gel electrophoresis and restriction enzyme HhaI digestion. The assay successfully detected M. tuberculosis and M. bovis not only in pure bacterial culture but also in clinical samples of sputum, pleural fluid and blood. The speed, specificity, sensitivity of the rimM LAMP, the lack of a need for expensive equipment, and the visual readout show great potential for clinical detection of M. tuberculosis and M. bovis.
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ABSTRACT: As the human genome is decoded and its involvement in diseases is being revealed through postgenome research, increased adoption of genetic testing is expected. Critical to such testing methods is the ease of implementation and comprehensible presentation of amplification results. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a simple, rapid, specific and cost-effective nucleic acid amplification method when compared to PCR, nucleic acid sequence-based amplification, self-sustained sequence replication and strand displacement amplification. This protocol details an improved simple visual detection system for the results of the LAMP reaction. In LAMP, a large amount of DNA is synthesized, yielding a large pyrophosphate ion by-product. Pyrophosphate ion combines with divalent metallic ion to form an insoluble salt. Adding manganous ion and calcein, a fluorescent metal indicator, to the reaction solution allows a visualization of substantial alteration of the fluorescence during the one-step amplification reaction, which takes 30-60 min. As the signal recognition is highly sensitive, this system enables visual discrimination of results without costly specialized equipment. This detection method should be helpful in basic research on medicine and pharmacy, environmental hygiene, point-of-care testing and more.Nature Protocol 02/2008; 3(5):877-82. · 8.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a novel nucleic acid amplification method in which reagents react under isothermal conditions with high specificity, efficiency, and rapidity. We used LAMP for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, Mycobacterium avium, and Mycobacterium intracellulare directly from sputum specimens as well as for detection of culture isolates grown in a liquid medium (MGIT; Nippon Becton Dickinson Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) or on a solid medium (Ogawa's medium). Species-specific primers were designed by targeting the gyrB gene, and their specificities were validated on 24 mycobacterial species and 7 nonmycobacterial species. The whole procedure is quite simple, starting with the mixing of all reagents in a single tube, followed by an isothermal reaction during which the reaction mixture is held at 63 degrees C. The resulting amplicons are visualized by adding SYBR Green I to the reaction tube. The only equipment needed for the amplification reaction is a regular laboratory water bath or heat block that furnishes a constant temperature of 63 degrees C. The assay had a detection limit of 5 to 50 copies of purified DNA with a 60-min incubation time. The reaction time could be shortened to 35 min for the species identification of M. tuberculosis complex, M. avium, and M. intracellulare from a solid-medium culture. Residual DNA lysates prepared for the Amplicor assay (Roche Diagnostics GmbH) from 66 sputum specimens were tested in the LAMP assay. Although the sample size used for the latter assay was small, 2.75 micro l of the DNA lysates, it showed a performance comparable with that of the Amplicor assay, which required 50 micro l of the lysates. This LAMP-based assay is simple, rapid, and sensitive; a result is available in 35 min for a solid-medium culture and in 60 min for a liquid-medium culture or for a sputum specimen that contains a corresponding amount of DNA available for testing.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 07/2003; 41(6):2616-22. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We evaluated the usefulness of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) in detecting specific gene sequences of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). A total of 102 primer sets for LAMP was designed to amplify the IS900, HspX, and F57 gene sequences of MAP. Using each of two primer sets (P-1 and P-2) derived from the IS900 fragment, it was possible to detect MAP in a manner similar to that used with nested PCR. The sensitivity of LAMP with P-1 was 0.5 pg/tube, which was more sensitive than nested PCR. When P-2 was used, 5 pg/tube could be detected, which was the same level of sensitivity as that for nested PCR. LAMP with P-1 was specific. Although only 2 Mycobacterium scrofulaceum strains out of 43 non-MAP mycobacterial strains were amplified, the amplification reaction for these strains was less efficient than for MAP strains, and their products could be distinguished from MAP products by restriction digestion. LAMP with P-2 resulted in very specific amplification only from MAP, the same result obtained with nested PCR. Our LAMP method was highly specific, and the white turbidity of magnesium pyrophosphate, a by-product of the LAMP reaction, allowed simple visual detection. Our method is rapid, taking only 2 h, compared with 4 h for nested PCR. In addition, the LAMP method is performed under isothermal conditions and no special apparatus is needed, which makes it more economical and practical than nested PCR or real-time PCR. These results indicate that LAMP can provide a rapid yet simple test for the detection of MAP.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 10/2003; 41(9):4359-65. · 4.07 Impact Factor